Linden SwStr - History

(SwStr: t. 177; 1. 1~4'; b. 31'; dph. 4'; a. 624-pdr. how.)

Linden, a wooden sidewheel steamer, was built in 1860 at Belle Vernon, Pa.; purchased bg the Navy at Cincinnati, Ohio, 20 November 1862; and commissioned at Cairo, Ill., 3 January 1863, Acting .Master Thomas E. Smith in command.

She departed Cairo 9 January escorting charter steamer Home and five coal barges to memphis. After convoy duty up and down the Mississippi, Linden was ordered to cooperate with General Grant in cutting a canal between the Red and Black Rivers through Tens Bayou. The project was pressed vigorously but as Porter later noted ". there were miles of forest to work through and trees to be cut down. The swift current drove the steamers (Army transports) against the trees and injured them so much that this plan had to be abandoned."

Throughout the winter and spring of 1863, Linden continued to support operations against the Confederate river stronghold at Vicksburg. She remained above the fortress when Porter and his gunboats dashed under Vicksburg's guns to support Grant's campaign from before. On 29 April with seven other Union Navy chips, three mortar boats and 10 large Army transports, Linden began a feigned attack on the Confederate batteries at Haynes Bluff on the Yazoo above Vicksburg The movement was designed to prevent southern reinforcement at Grand Gulf where Grant was about to land his troops water crossing the Mississippi.

That day the expedition proceeded as far as Chickasaw Bayou. On the 30th the task force moved up the Yazoo and landed troops who marched up ". the levee, making quite a display, and a threatening one also." Naval gunfire supported the demonstration until Grant had safely (ferried his men across the river and landed at Bruinsburg. Then the diversionary troops withdrew from Haynes Bluff, reembarked, and the expedition returned to the mouth of the Yazoo.

Grant then daringly abandoned his supply lines, drove deep into Mississippi, and defeated converging Confederate forces in detail in several spectacular victories before turning back toward the river to threaten~l Vicks" burg in reverse. At mid May, Porter ordered J,Linden back up the Yazoo to assist the Army in encircling the southern river stronghold and to supply the Union Army. When Confederate troops were cut ok at Snyder's Blue, the Union ships pushed on to Haynes Bluff which the South was evacuating. when these heavy works fell the gunboat again advanced and began to shell the hill batteries at Vicksburg. On 18 May Linden while escorting Ave Army transports on the Mississippi silenced a masked battery at Island No. 82; then covered troops who landed and destroyed buildings in the area. On 21 May, Linden Baron' De Kalb Choctaw, Forest Rose and Petrel descended the Yazoo to Yazoo City, Miss. and forced the Confederate Navy to destroy three "powerful steamers, rams, and a fine Navy Yard" to prevent their capture. On the 20th Linden` and Forest Rose reconnoitered Quiver River, Miss., and n boat expedition from the ships captured and burned Dew Drop and Emma Bett.

The tireless efforts of both Navy and Army bore fruit when Vicksburg's dogged defenders Finally hauled down the Confederate flag 4 July giving the United States one of its greatest birthday presents, freedom to navigate the Mississippi from source to Gulf.

In the coming months Linden performed valuable but unspectacular service on reconnaissance and convoy missions on the Mississippi and its tributaries. On 22 February 1864, while attempting to aid transport Ad. Hines Lind en struck a snag 15 miles up the Arkansas River and sank.

Linden SwStr - History

Welcome to the Linden Mills Historical Society & Museum "home" webpage!! Our meetings are held the 2nd Tuesday of each month from April - November at 7:00 p.m. at the main clubhouse in the Shiawassee Shores Retirement Park, located at 1515 W. Rolston Rd, just north of Linden, off of Linden Rd.

Visitors are always welcome and new members are accepted from April through November! (Dues are $5 for one person and $8 for a couple/family)

Meetings include current Society business and guest speakers. Refreshments are also served.

The Linden Mills Historical Museum is located in the historic Mill Building (201 N. Main St.) and is open 1 p.m. to 4 p.m., (although the sign says til 5:00 p.m.) June - Oct. on the 2nd & 4th Sundays of the month! Our museum is also open Friday night the first weekend in December, during the Linden Holiday Happening.

Museum admission is FREE,

but donations are gladly accepted and appreciated!!

Group Tours can be arranged, by contacting Interim Museum Curator, Pete Maas, @ (810) 265-2821.

Society inquiries may be directed to Society President, Pete Maas, @ (810) 265-2821

Linden Mills Historical Society


Society Vice-President, David Kincaid, gives historic walking tours of downtown Linden!!

Please contact him, if you wish to walk/ride in downtown Linden and hear about the history of its buildings!! (810) 735-2860

The History of Linden Thomas & Company

Stephen L. Thomas began his career some 37 years ago, when he was offered a client investment training program internship with the prestigious EF Hutton firm in Washington, DC. Little did he know that the journey he would take &ndash from green wealth manager to working with Wall Street firms &ndash would lead him to founding one of the industry&rsquos top wealth management firms serving high net worth investors.

Here&rsquos what that journey looked like:

Stephen L. Thomas - The Road Less Traveled

EF Hutton - Journey Begins

Our roots begin with Linden Thomas & Company's founder, Stephen L. Thomas, who began his career in Washington, DC with EF Hutton in 1987. At the time, the Washington, DC Hutton office was the largest in the country with a large asset management consulting team. This gave Thomas his first exposure to the importance of efficient portfolio construction and its benefit to investors and their portfolio results. Impressed by its importance, Thomas believed that portfolio construction was academically sound, and clearly benefits individual investors if applied correctly.

Shearson Lehman/Consulting Practice Established

In the early years of Thomas' career at EF Hutton, Hutton was acquired by Shearson Lehman. While EF Hutton's consulting division focused on consulting, Lehman focused more on stockbrokers' cross-selling products and services, where advisors were encouraged to sell products that didn't always meet the client's needs directly. Thomas, disenchanted with this focus on product selling, approached management at Smith Barney to get their blessing to develop a consulting team.

Thomas was willing to personally invest in both technology and analysts to support an independent consulting practice. This would give his clients a non-biased approach focusing on building efficient portfolios that maximize portfolio results.

Shearson Lehman/Smith Barney Merger

After the merger of Smith Barney/Shearson, it became clear that Thomas's idea of giving independent consulting advice would conflict with the product-selling focus of Smith Barney. Instead of turning away from his beliefs, Thomas found another firm that felt the novel idea of putting clients' needs first had merit.

Prudential Securities

After several meetings and much due diligence, Thomas and his team left Smith Barney to join Prudential Securities. During his time at Prudential, Thomas and his team lead the way in developing an institutional consulting practice that established Thomas as one of the nation's top-ranked advisors. Ranked at number two out of 7,000 advisors worldwide, Thomas and his team developed several disciplined focuses, such as the Efficient Portfolio Theory, which helped establish what we see today.

As a team focused on putting clients' needs first, the core belief established was as follows: "What is good for our clients is good for us."

Their eight principles of investing were:

  • Client's needs come first
  • Client planning is important, but results are the engine that ensures we meet clients' expectations
  • Education on how to achieve goals is essential
  • Full transparency is a must
  • Understanding risk is key
  • Efficient portfolio construction
  • Minimize cost and taxes
  • Ongoing monitoring

With each of these goals as the foundation of excellence, Thomas and his team prospered.

Prudential/First Union Merger -All journeys have a twist in the road

Five years into Thomas's team relationship, Prudential was purchased by First Union. Thomas and his team were informed that First Union would no longer support independent investment practices. Instead, each advisor would be required to introduce clients to products like their proprietary funds and annuities. Because Thomas and his team felt strongly that selling products were not in the clients' best interest, he decided to go another route.

He felt that the only way to do what is best for his clients was to begin due diligence of other Wall Street firms that would allow a team approach where portfolios could be built without the focus of large firms pushing products. Through many negotiations with Merrill Lynch, the world's largest Wall Street firm at the time, Thomas was assured that his approach be embraced and encouraged if he would move his team to the new firm.

Merrill Lynch - The straw that broke the camel's back!

During his time at Merrill Lynch, Thomas and his consulting team continued to advance their technology and ideas about client-focused results. At that time, Merrill Lynch was one of the two largest firms on Wall Street, and Thomas and his team soon became ranked as one of the firm's top 20 advisors worldwide out of 17,000. But the dream of building one of the leading client-focused investment teams at one of the largest investment firms ended when Merrill Lynch rolled out a new program called Total Merrill, which would focus on the firm cross-selling to distribute products and bank services.

At this point, Thomas had had enough of investment firms that had little focus on clients' needs but were focused on a culture of selling. A reality set in that most of the investment firms' advisors were happy just selling what was put in front of them with little, to no, regard for creating an investment team that focused on efficiencies. Thomas felt that a truly independent team focused on client results could only be achieved if you owned the investment firm. So, through a lot of thought and prayer, Thomas resigned his post at Merrill Lynch and began the road to start a truly independent asset management firm that would give his clients direct access to world-class portfolio management with the principal focus being academics and efficient portfolio theory.

Linden Thomas & Company: Two Hurdles

The first hurdle to becoming an independent investment firm is that you must first break away from the retail investment houses. Large firms don't allow this because it conflicts with their business models. Thomas had to find a means to make the migration to independent advisory practice and then begin to construct the parts to file with both the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA), establishing Linden Thomas & Company as an independent investment advisor brokerage firm with their own independent registration. This would then open a door to total independence in two key areas: client consulting and planning and providing client direct access to tailored portfolio management.

The second hurdle was to become a self-registered, independent broker-dealer. It began in the fall of 2008 when Thomas and his team left Merrill Lynch and joined the independent channel of First Clearing (Wells Fargo's Independent Advisor Investment Services). Once there, Thomas spent the next several years ranked as Wells Fargo's Independent Advisor Channel's top advisor, which gave him and his team most of the freedom needed to begin putting together a multi-tier support and asset management team. While doing so, Thomas also built out back-office technology to make the final step to becoming a fully registered, investment brokerage firm.

The road less traveled

Broker-Dealer Established

After several years as an independent advisory firm, Thomas filed with both the SEC and FINRA to become an independent broker-dealer. Most of the industry's financial advisors are either employed by an investment house or bank, or call themselves independent advisors, but don't actually own the investment broker-dealer. This ultimately restricts flexibility in building a client-focused investment firm.

"Seldom would people in my industry do what we have done because it's just too big of a commitment in both time and cost! Real excellence is not achieved unless you have real dedication. Our desire to give our clients the best outweighs our desire to achieve personal wealth."

In becoming an independent investment firm and broker-dealer, the final door was opened to allow the Linden Thomas & Company clients to get direct access to individually managed equity portfolios. With Thomas now a fully independent investment firm, clients gain direct access to world-class tailored portfolio management. From the breakaway to independence to now, Thomas has been recognized 29 times by industry publications like Barron's, Forbes, and Financial Times.

"As an independent investment firm, we have a very bright future. While the road that brought us here hasn't been easy, all of the challenges ultimately are blessings and give me a bigger desire for us to build the best investment firm in the industry."

Linden Park

Bounded by Linden Boulevard, Stanley Avenue, Vermont Street, and Wyona Avenue, this park takes its name from Linden Boulevard. Renamed three times, the thoroughfare was originally called Van Brunt Street in honor of an old and respected family that once lived in the area. The first recorded ancestor of the family was Rutger Joesten Van Brunt (bef. 1653-abt. 1718) who immigrated to the town of New Utrecht, today part of Brooklyn in 1653. Another Rutger Van Brunt (1757-1830) built the old mill on Bull Creek, in about 1770. In 1887, the Brooklyn Common Council changed the name of the street to Vienna Avenue, after the Austrian Capital. The Common Council again changed the name of the street in 1924, designating it Lorraine Street, after the Lorraine region in eastern France. Although it is unclear when the street assumed its present name, Linden Boulevard, the name itself comes from the American linden trees (Tilia americana) that line the boulevard.

The American linden is one of approximately 45 species of the linden tree, native to the eastern United States. In forests, the tree is more commonly known as the basswood. It forms straight stems with clear lengths up to 100 feet. In late June and early July, creamy white blossoms fill the trees, emanating a sweet, perfumed scent. The tree itself yields soft, straight-grained wood used in building interiors and cabinetry, as well as for paper pulp. Fiber from its inner bark was historically used to make fishnets, mats, cords, and shoes. Most commonly found along city streets and in parks, the American linden is known for its hardiness and ability to tolerate most soils&mdashmaking it an ideal choice for New York&rsquos parks.

The name of this parkland has been changed nearly as many times as the street for which it is named. Parks acquired this property in two separate parcels. In 1946, the City obtained the first parcel, 1.515 acres, as part of the Linden Veterans Emergency Housing Project. Nine years later, the Board of Estimate assigned the property to Parks for use as a playground. In 1954, local law transferred the second parcel, an adjacent 7.989 acres, to Parks while removing 0.172 acres from the first parcel. For years the park was simply known as J.H.S. 166 Playground for the adjacent school, also known as the George Gershwin School, or, today, I.S. 166. Gershwin was a renowned composer and pianist who was born and made his life in New York City. In 1987, Parks designated this parkland Linden Playground. Ten years later, Parks again changed the name to Linden Park.

Today, Linden Park contains a track, football field, bleachers, benches, asphalt baseball diamond, handball courts, drinking fountains, tennis courts comfort station, play equipment with safety surfacing, swings for tots and children, spray shower and picnic tables. A flagpole flies the United States Stars and Stripes, and a yardarm displays the flags of the City of New York and Parks and Recreation. In 2000, Linden Park received a $12,000 renovation, which included installing a new chain link fence and refurbishing of the park&rsquos gates, funded by Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani.

You've only scratched the surface of Van Linden family history.

Between 1988 and 2003, in the United States, Van Linden life expectancy was at its lowest point in 2002, and highest in 1993. The average life expectancy for Van Linden in 1988 was 73, and 88 in 2003.

An unusually short lifespan might indicate that your Van Linden ancestors lived in harsh conditions. A short lifespan might also indicate health problems that were once prevalent in your family. The SSDI is a searchable database of more than 70 million names. You can find birthdates, death dates, addresses and more.


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Census records can tell you a lot of little known facts about your Vd Linden ancestors, such as occupation. Occupation can tell you about your ancestor's social and economic status.

There are 3,000 census records available for the last name Vd Linden. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Vd Linden census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 642 immigration records available for the last name Vd Linden. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 1,000 military records available for the last name Vd Linden. For the veterans among your Vd Linden ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 3,000 census records available for the last name Vd Linden. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Vd Linden census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 642 immigration records available for the last name Vd Linden. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 1,000 military records available for the last name Vd Linden. For the veterans among your Vd Linden ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

Linden Centre: 'Robust' inquiry to investigate 20-year history

Nadine Dorries made the announcement regarding the Linden Centre in Essex during a Westminster Hall debate.

It was prompted by a petition from Melanie Leahy, whose son Matthew, 20, died from hanging there in 2012.

The Essex Partnership University Trust (EPUT), which runs the unit, has already admitted failures of care involving the deaths of 11 patients.

Ms Leahy and other families whose children died at the Linden Centre have been campaigning for a public inquiry and the petition was signed by more than 100,000 people.

Ms Dorries said it would be a "robust" inquiry that is "unafraid to turn over stones and to work with the families and to call those it sees fit to give evidence".

"I hope Melanie will understand that this is a way to discover what has happened at the Linden Centre over the past 20 years," she said.

Fellow health minister Edward Argar previously told the House of Commons it was hoped "lessons learnt" from the inquiry could benefit care across the NHS "as quickly as possible".

He said the Department of Health would work with the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) to ensure the review does not prejudice ongoing legal action.

On 12 November, EPUT accepted it failed to properly manage fixed ligature points in its inpatient units, where the patients died between 25 October 2004 and 31 March 2015.

EPUT said its "deepest sympathies are with the families" involved.

Sentencing will take place at a later date.

North Essex Partnership Trust merged with South Essex Partnership Trust in 2017 to form EPUT.

If you are struggling to cope, contact the Samaritans on the free helpline 116 123, or please click on this link to access support services.

Linden SwStr - History

Linden Hall has a continuous and unbroken history of educating young women since 1746, and is the oldest residential school for the education of young women in the country.

Linden Hall traces its beginnings to a school of humble proportions projected in 1746. In November of that year, the Moravian Church broke ground for their Gemeinhaus, which according to Moravian usage of the time served as a chapel, a schoolhouse, and parsonage combined. Both boys and girls were educated in the Gemeinhaus. The Moravians were among the first to offer an education to young women, stemming from the belief in universal education - that young women should be as thoroughly educated as young men.

For almost two decades, the school was "continued in simple and sturdy sincerity of purpose at the original site," according to a congregation diary dated April 20, 1758, which included the statement that there were from "70 to 77 children in the school." In 1766, the original building was taken down (being built of logs) and re-erected on one of the lots opposite the Moravian church.

The girls' school was continued in the Sisters' House - known today as "the Castle, " while the boys' school was closely related to the Brethren's House. The school's "slowly expanding influence" was reflected in church diaries which refer to girls from Moravian families in Lancaster as entering pupils. It is not unlikely that there were others from other places, for soon increasing demands seemed to justify the erection of a new building for the girls' school and in May 1769, the cornerstone for the new school was laid. The original building is presently known as Stengel Hall and houses our administrative offices.

The first non-Moravian boarding student, Ms. Margaret (Peggy) Marvel, from Baltimore, Maryland arrived in 1794 followed by young women from other cities outside Pennsylvania. For many years, Linden Hall cited its founding as 1794. In 1909, however, the founding date of the school was changed from 1794 to 1746 upon discovery of an old ledger from Washington's first administration. This discovery spurred an investigation by school officers to determine the exact date of the founding of Linden Hall and in 1910 the founding date was changed to reflect 1746 - the year the original Gemeinhaus was conceived.

According to a 1909 Echo article (reprinted from the Bethlehem Times) "it has long been recognized that with the Moravians, the Church and the School go hand-in-hand. In the case of Lititz and Linden Hall the school even preceded the church." According to Abraham Beck, a well known archivist of the Lititz congregation of the Moravian Church, "The Warwick, afterward Lititz, congregation was a 'Land Gemeine,' that is a country congregation, the members of which lived scattered on their farms and not in close settlement as was the case in Bethlehem and Nazareth. The daughters of the members of this Land Gemeine, therefore, on account of the distance from their homes boarded at the school." Based on the discovery of the ledger, Beck expressed himself as certain that Linden Hall was a boarding school long before 1794 and the date was changed to 1746.

In 1883, the name of the school was changed from Lititz Seminary to Linden Hall. Under the leadership of the Reverend Eugene Frueauff, the main school building was enlarged. The Reverend and his wife planted the basswood saplings, also known as linden trees, on campus and changed the name of the school to Linden Hall.

From the beginning, Linden Hall has been a place where girls are valued and known. Throughout our storied 270 year history, the principles of the Moravian Church - that a girl should develop a love of knowledge in order to reach her fullest potential, that learning takes place through the senses, and that older students can be role models for younger ones - have provided the tenets of educational continuity that has allowed Linden Hall to stand on a firm foundation and evolve to match contemporary times.

Click here for the article from the October, 1909 edition of the Echo.

Click here for a larger image of Linden Hall's historical timeline.