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Sebago II ScTug - History

Sebago II ScTug - History


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Sebago II
(ScTug: t. 130; 1. 99'; b. 21'; s. 12 k.; a. 1 6-pdr.;
cpl. 22)

The second Sebago, a tug built in 1893 by John EI. Dialogue and Son, Camden, N.J., was purchased for service during the Spanish-American War as Hortense from O'Connor and Smoot on 30 April 1898; renamed

Tacoma; and placed in service in the 7th District of the Auxiliary Naval Force and based at Pensacola, Fla.

Renamed Sebago in January 1900 and designated YT-23 in July 1920, the harbor tug remained in service at various stations including Pensacola, Guantanamo Bay Port Royal, Charleston, Norfolk, and Philadelphia until struck from the Navy list on 3 December 1936. She was sold for scrapping on 25 January 1937 to B. J. Maier, Philadelphia, Pa.


Rochester, New Hampshire

Rochester is a city in Strafford County, New Hampshire, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 29,752, [3] and in 2019 the estimated population was 31,526. [4] The city includes the villages of East Rochester, Gonic, and North Rochester. Rochester is home to Skyhaven Airport.

  • Jeremy Hutchinson
  • Doug Lachance
  • Elaine M. Lauterborn
  • Palana Belken
  • Peter Lachapelle
  • Tom Abbott
  • Christopher J. Rice
  • Don Hammann
  • Donna M. Bogan
  • James P. Gray
  • Laura Hainey
  • David E. Walker

Contents

The Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race was conceived by Herbert "Blondie" Hasler in 1956. The whole idea of a single-handed ocean yacht race was a revolutionary concept at the time, as the idea was thought to be extremely impractical but this was especially true given the adverse conditions of their proposed route — a westward crossing of the north Atlantic Ocean, against the prevailing winds.

Hasler sought sponsorship for a race, but by 1959, no-one had been prepared to back the race. Finally, though, The Observer newspaper provided sponsorship, and in 1960, under the management of the Royal Western Yacht Club of England, the Observer Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race, or OSTAR, was on. [3] [4] [5]

The first run of the race was a great success since then, it has run every four years, and has become firmly established as one of the major events on the yachting calendar. The name of the event has changed several times due to changes in main sponsor it has been known as the CSTAR, Europe 1 STAR, and the Europe 1 New Man STAR. The professional event has been run as The Transat from 2004, while the race smaller boats is run as the OSTAR. Throughout its history, however, the essentials of the race have remained the same. It has also become known as a testbed for new innovations in yacht racing many new ideas started out in "the STAR".

The course of the race is westwards against the prevailing winds of the north Atlantic over a distance of around 3,000 nautical miles (5,600 km). The first edition of the race was from Plymouth United Kingdom to New York City the editions from 1964 to 2000 were sailed from Plymouth to Newport, Rhode Island the 2004 event sailed from Plymouth to Boston, Massachusetts. [5] [6] [7]

The actual course steered is the decision of the individual skipper, and the result of the race can hinge on the chosen route: [8]

Rhumb line The shortest route on paper — i.e. on a Mercator projection chart — is a route which steers a constant compass course, known as the rhumb line route this is 2,902 nautical miles. This lies between 40 degrees and 50 degrees north, and avoids the most severe weather. Great circle The actual shortest route is the great circle route, which is 2,810 nautical miles (5,200 km). This goes significantly farther north sailors following this route frequently encounter fog and icebergs. Northern route It is sometimes possible to avoid headwinds by following a far northern route, north of the great circle and above the track followed by depressions. This is a longer way, though, at 3,130 nautical miles (5,800 km), and places the sailor in greater danger of encountering ice. Azores route A "softer" option can be to sail south, close to the Azores, and across the Atlantic along a more southerly latitude. This route can offer calmer reaching winds, but is longer at 3,530 nautical miles (6,540 km) the light and variable winds can also lead to slow progress. Trade wind route The most "natural" way to cross the Atlantic westward is to sail south to the trade winds, and then west across the ocean. However, this is the longest route of all, at 4,200 nautical miles (7,780 km).

This variety of routes is one of the factors which makes an east-to-west north Atlantic crossing interesting, as different skippers try different strategies against each other. In practice, though, the winning route is usually somewhere between the great circle and the rhumb line.

The OSTAR, 1960 Edit

The Observer Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race of 1960 was a milestone in sailing, being the first single-handed ocean yacht race. One hundred and fifteen people expressed an interest in the race, and there were eight entries, of whom five actually took part. Only four were at the starting line on June 11, however, as Jean Lacombe arrived late and started three days after the others. All of the boats were monohulls this was to be the only edition of the race without multihulls. It was also the only edition of the race sailed from Plymouth to New York City.

The skippers tried a variety of routing strategies. Hasler chose the northern route, to avoid the depressions Chichester and Lewis stayed closer to the great circle Lacombe and Howells chose more southerly routes. Hasler sailed his junk-rigged Jester Chichester had by far the longest boat, his 40-foot (12 m) Gipsy Moth III, and this was reflected in the results: [4] [5]

Pos. Skipper Boat Class Time
1 Francis Chichester (GBR ) Gipsy Moth III Mono-40 40 days 12 hours 30 min
2 Blondie Hasler (GBR ) Jester Mono-26 48 days 12 hours 02 min
3 David Lewis (GBR ) Cardinal Vertue Mono-25 55 days 00 hours 50 min
4 Val Howells (GBR ) EIRA Mono-25 62 days 05 hours 50 min
5 Jean Lacombe (FRA ) Cap Horn Mono-21.5 74 days ?? hours ?? min

The race had a huge impact on ocean sailing, and in particular solo sailing. Hasler's wind-vane self-steering gear revolutionised short-handed sailing, and his other major innovation — using a junk rig for safer and more manageable shorthanded sailing — influenced many subsequent sailors. [9] [10]

The OSTAR, 1964 Edit

Thirteen competitors started the next edition of the race in 1964, which by now was firmly established on the racing scene. All of the five original competitors entered, and all five improved their original times but the show was stolen by French naval officer Éric Tabarly, who entered a custom-built 44-foot (13 m) plywood ketch, Pen Duick II. The days of racers sailing the family boat were numbered following Tabarly's performance, for which he was awarded the Legion of Honour by president Charles de Gaulle. It is also noteworthy that Tabarly and Jean Lacombe were the only French entrants in this race Tabarly's success was instrumental in popularising the sport in France, the country which in future years would come to dominate it.

This was to be the year in which several future trends were established. Multihulls made their first appearance — sailing in the same class as the other boats and the race featured the use of radio, for the first time, by several competitors who gave daily progress reports to their sponsors. [4] [6] [11]

Pos. Skipper Boat Class Time
1 Éric Tabarly (FRA ) Pen Duick II Mono-44 27 days 03 hours 56 min
2 Francis Chichester (GBR ) Gipsy Moth III Mono-40 29 days 23 hours 57 min
3 Val Howells (GBR ) Akka Mono-35 32 days 18 hours 08 min
4 Alec Rose (GBR ) Lively Lady Mono-36 36 days 17 hours 30 min
5 Blondie Hasler (GBR ) Jester Mono-26 37 days 22 hours 05 min
6 Bill Howell (AUS ) Stardrift Mono-30 38 days 03 hours 23 min
7 David Lewis (GBR ) Rehu Moana Cat-40 38 days 12 hours 04 min
8 Mike Ellison (GBR ) Ilala Mono-36 46 days 06 hours 26 min
9 Jean Lacombe (FRA ) Golif Mono-22 46 days 07 hours 05 min
10 Bob Bunker (GBR ) Vanda Caelea Mono-25 49 days 18 hours 45 min
11 Mike Butterfield (GBR ) Misty Miller Cat-30 53 days 00 hours 05 min
12 Geoffrey Chaffey (GBR ) Ericht 2 Mono-31 60 days 11 hours 15 min
13 Derek Kelsall (GBR ) Folatre Tri-35 61 days 14 hours 04 min
14 Axel Nymann Pedersen (DEN ) Marco Polo Mono-28 63 days 13 hours 30 min
RET Robin McCurdy (GBR ) Tammie Norie Mono-40 retired

The OSTAR, 1968 Edit

The race was by now acquiring a reputation for pushing forward the technology of ocean sailing, and the 1968 edition featured the first use of computer-based weather routing. A far cry from today's laptop-laden yachts, this consisted of a land-based mainframe computer, the English Electric KDF9, linked by radio to Geoffrey Williams in his boat Sir Thomas Lipton. Although outside private routing advice of this kind is no longer permitted in most "unassisted" races, it is now routine for ocean sailors to do similar analyses using their on-board computers to process public weather information.

Williams created another story by his use of the "shortcut" through the Nantucket Shoal. This dangerous route was supposed to be illegal, but due to an error the race instructions required skippers only to keep south of Nantucket, instead of Nantucket Light. Williams successfully navigated the treacherous route in a gale. Gales were a major feature of the race, with a large storm on the 11th of June, and Hurricane Brenda, both contributing to the large number of retired and abandoned boats. One casualty was Éric Tabarly, aboard his new trimaran Pen Duick IV, who collided with a cargo and sailed back to England with structural damage. Another was the first woman to have taken part, the West German Edith Baumann, aboard her 39-foot trimaran "Koala III". [12]

Although won by a monohull, this race saw the multihulls firmly established on the scene. Thirteen of the thirty-five boats entered were multihulls, led by the controversial proa Cheers many observers felt that a proa was entirely unsuitable for ocean sailing, but she made a fast time along the Azores route. [4] [13]

Pos. Skipper Boat Class Time
1 Geoffrey Williams (GBR ) Sir Thomas Lipton Mono-57 25 days 20 hours 33 min
2 Bruce Dalling (RSA ) Voortrekker Mono-50 26 days 13 hours 42 min
3 Tom Follett (USA ) Cheers Proa-40 27 days 00 hours 13 min
4 Leslie Williams (GBR ) Spirit of Cutty Sark Mono-53 29 days 10 hours 17 min
5 Bill Howell (AUS ) Golden Cockerel Cat-42.5 31 days 16 hours 24 min
6 Brian Cooke (GBR ) Opus Mono-32 34 days 08 hours 23 min
7 Martin Minter-Kemp (GBR ) Gancia Girl Tri-42 34 days 13 hours 15 min
8 N.T.J. Bevan (GBR ) MYTH OF MALHAM Mono-40 36 days 01 hours 41 min
9 B. de Castelbajac (FRA ) MAXINE Mono-34.5 37 days 13 hours 47 min
10 Jean-Yves Terlain (FRA ) MAGUELONNE Mono-35 38 days 09 hours 10 min
11 N.S.A. Burgess (GBR ) DOG WATCH Mono-27 38 days 12 hours 13 min
12 Andre Foezon (FRA ) SYLVIA 11 Mono-36 40 days 00 hours 16 min
13 B. Enbom (SWE ) FIONE Mono-20 40 days 14 hours 13 min
14 Claus Hehner (GER ) MEX Mono-37 41 days 10 hours 46 min
15 Revd. Stephen Packenham (GBR ) ROB ROY Mono-32.5 42 days 03 hours 49 min
16 Colin Forbes (GBR ) STARTLED FAUN Tri-33 45 days 10 hours 08 min
17 B. Rodriguez (USA ) AMISTAD Tri-25 47 days 18 hours 05 min
18 Mike Richey (GBR ) JESTER Mono-26 57 days 10 hours 40 min
DSQ Ake Matteson (SWE ) GOODWIN II Mono-19.5 DSQ --
RET Eric Tabarly (FRA ) PEN DUICK IV Tri-67 RET --
RET Eric Willis (GBR ) COILA Tri-50 ABN --
RET Alex Carozzo (ITA ) SAN GIORGIO Cat-53 -- RET --
RET David Pyle (GBR ) ATLANTIS III Mono-26.5 -- RET --
RET W. Wallin (SWE ) WILECA Mono-27 -- RET --
RET Comdt. B. Waquet (FRA ) TAMOURE Tri-26 -- RET --
RET Edith Bauman (GER ) KOALA III Tri-39.5 -- ABN --
RET Robert Wingate (GBR ) ZEEVALK Mono-39.5 -- RET --
RET M.J. Pulsford (GBR ) WHITE GHOST Tri-34 -- RET --
RET Egon Heinemann (GER ) AYE-AYE Mono 33 -- RET --
RET Guy Piazzini (SUI ) GUNTAR III Mono-41 -- RET --
RET A. Munro (GBR ) OCEAN HIGHLANDER Cat-45 -- RET --
RET L. Paillard (FRA ) LA DELIRANTE Mono-36 -- RET --
ABN Marc Cuiklinski (FRA ) AMBRIMA Mono 37 -- ABN --
ABN Joan de Kat (FRA ) YAKSHA Tri-50 -- ABN --
RET Alain Gliksman (FRA ) RALPH Mono-58 -

The 17 non-finishers included Éric Tabarly on Pen Duick IV, and Alex Carozzo of Italy on San Giorgio. Carozzo went on to compete in the Sunday Times Golden Globe Race, the other major single-handed sailing event of the year.

The OSTAR, 1972 Edit

Tabarly's trimaran Pen Duick IV made a return to the race in 1972, sailed by Alain Colas, at the head of a strong French contingent of the 55 entrants, 12 were French, and the top three finishers were all French.

The average boat size was increasing rapidly, as longer boats are capable of higher speeds. A sign of the changing times was that the rules had a minimum size, to deter unsafe entries, but no maximum and so the star of the monohull fleet was Vendredi Treize (Friday the 13th), a 128-foot (39 m) three-masted schooner — a huge boat for a single-hander. However, the race was now dominated by the multihulls, with Colas winning on a trimaran and four of the top six finishers being multis.

The 55 entrants included the first female finishers, two French and one Polish. Sir Francis Chichester, now 70 years old, sailed with the fleet in Gipsy Moth V however, he was unable to complete what was to be his last race, and he died later the same year. Peter Crowther made the longest crossing in the race's history while sailing the oldest boat, the 66-year-old gaff cutter Golden Vanity his crossing took 88 days. [4] [14]

Pos. Skipper Boat Class Time
1 Alain Colas (FRA ) Pen Duick IV Tri-70 20 days 13 hours 15 min
2 Jean-Yves Terlain (FRA ) Vendredi Treize Mono-128 21 days 05 hours 14 min
3 Jean-Marie Vidal (FRA ) Cap 33 Tri-53 24 days 05 hours 40 min
4 Brian Cooke (GBR ) British Steel Mono-59 24 days 19 hours 28 min
5 Tom Follett (USA ) Three Cheers Tri-46 27 days 11 hours 04 min
6 Gerard Pesty (FRA ) Architeuthis Tri-55 28 days 11 hours 55 min
7 Martin Minter-Kemp (GBR ) Strongbow Mono-65 28 days 12 hours 46 min
8 Alain Gliksman (FRA ) Toucan Mono-34.5 28 days 12 hours 54 min
9 Franco Faggioni (ITA ) Sagittario Mono-50.5 28 days 23 hours 05 min
10 James Ferris (USA ) Whisper Mono-53.5 29 days 11 hours 15 min
11 Marc Linski (FRA ) ISLES DU FRIOUL Mono-48 30 days 02 hours 45 min
12 Krzysztof Baranowski (POL ) POLONEZ Mono-45 30 days 16 hours 55 min
13 Mike McMullen (GBR ) BINKIE II Mono-32 31 days 18 hours 10 min
14 Marie-Claude Fauroux (FRA ) ALOA VII Mono-35 32 days 22 hours 51 min
15 Lt. Col. Jock Brazier (GBR ) FLYING ANGEL Mono-46 33 days 09 hours 21 min
16 Joel Charpentier (FRA ) WILD ROCKET Mono-63 34 days 13 hours 38 min
17 Yves Olivaux (FRA ) ALOA I Mono 35 34 days 17 hours 30 min
18 Guy Piazzini (FRA ) CAMBRONNE Mono-45.5 35 days 10 hours 24 min
19 Pierre Chassin (FRA ) CONCORDE Mono-43 36 days 01 hours 19 min
20 Bruce Webb (GBR ) GAZELLE Mono-47.5 36 days 02 hours 07 min
21 John Holtom (GBR ) LA BAMBA OF MERSEA Mono-34 36 days 04 hours 30 min
22 Lt. Guy Hornet (GBR ) BLUE SMOKE Mono-26 36 days 21 hours 26 min
23 Wolf-Dietrich Kirchner (GER ) WHITE DOLPHIN Mono-32 38 days 07 hours 17 min
24 Jock McLeod (GBR ) RON GLAS Mono-47 38 days 09 hours 50 min
25 Richard Clifford (GBR ) SHAMAAL Mono-25.5 38 days 10 hours 30 min
26 R. Lancy Burn (USA ) BLUE GIPSY Mono-28 39 days 08 hours 30 min
27 Philip Weld (USA ) TRUMPETER Tri-44 39 days 13 hours 25 min
28 Claus Hehner (GER ) MEX Mono-35 40 days 08 hours 23 min
29 Ambrogio Fogar (ITA ) SURPRISE Mono-38 41 days 04 hours 45 min
30 Capt. P. Chilton R.N. (GBR ) MARY KATE OF ARUN Mono-38 41 days 17 hours 17 min
31 Lt Cdr (SCC) Eric Sumner RNR (GBR ) FRANCETTE Mono-25 43 days 09 hours 38 min
32 Zbigniew Puchalski (POL ) MIRANDA Mono-39 45 days 10 hours 05 min
33 Heiko Krieger (GER ) TINIE Mono 26.5 46 days 15 hours 30 min
34 Jerry Cartwright (USA ) SCUFFLER III Mono-32.5 49 days 02 hours 00 min
35 Christopher Elliott (GBR ) LAURIC Mono-34 51 days 14 hours 33 min
36 Andrew Spedding (GBR ) SUMMERSONG Mono-28 51 days 23 hours 05 min
37 David Blagden (GBR ) WILLING GRIFFIN Mono-19 52 days 11 0hours 6 min
38 Teresa Remiszewska (POL ) KOMODOR Mono-42 57 days 03 hours 18 min
39 Mike Richey (GBR ) JESTER Mono-26 58 days 08 hours 18 min
40 Anne Michailof (FRA ) PS Mono-30.5 59 days 06 hours 12 min
TLE Richard Konkolski (CZE ) NIKE Mono-22.5 60 days 13 hours 12 min
TLE Martin Wills (GBR ) CASPER Mono-31 63 days 22 hours 00 min
TLE Peter Crowther (GBR ) GOLDEN VANITY Mono-38 88 days
ABN Bob Miller (GBR ) MERSEA PEARL Mono-43 Boat Abandoned
RET Carlo Mascheroni (ITA ) CHICA BOBA Mono-41 -- RET --
RET H.G. Mitchell (GBR ) TULOA Mono-33 -- RET --
RET Bill Howell (AUS ) TAHITI BILL Cat-43 -- RET --
RET Gerard Dikstra (NED ) SECOND LIFE Mono-71 -- RET --
RET Osca Debra (BEL ) OLVA II Mono-46.5 -- RET --
RET Sir Francis Chichester (GBR ) GIPSY MOTH V Mono-57 -- RET --
RET Murray Sayle (AUS ) LADY OF FLEET Cat-41 -- RET --
RET Bob Salmon (GBR ) JUSTA LISTANG Mono-25 -- RET --
RET Eugene Riguidel (FRA ) ONYZ Mono-43 -- RET --
RET Sqd. Ldr A. Barton (GBR ) BRISTOL FASHION Mono-24.5 -- RET --
RET Eduardo Guzzetti (ITA ) NAMAR IV Mono-32.5 -- RET --

There were eleven retirements, and one boat was abandoned.

The OSTAR, 1976 Edit

1976 saw the biggest edition of the race, in all senses. 125 boats entered, and the 128-foot (39 m) Vendredi Treize returned as ITT Oceanic. However, the all-time size record for the race, and probably for any single-hander, was set by Alain Colas, sailing the 236-foot (72 m) four-masted schooner Club Mediterranée. [15] Although about the same overall length as HMS Victory (which had a crew of 820), [16] this modern boat was expressly designed for easy handling.

At the start of the race, during login, in it was discovered that one of the entrants, David Sandeman, was under age at 17 years and 176 days, which was 189 days or 6 months under the youngest age permitted at the time. He had entered "Sea Raider", a 35 ft monohull which had very carefully been equipped and prepared in Jersey, Channel Islands for this race. David was not allowed to officially start, but he crossed the line unofficially after the last boat had left. Halfway across the Atlantic a Russian trawler ran into him in the dark during a storm after being warned with a red spotlight. The Russian crew never saw him, but their ship damaged the starboard mast halyards, which required substantial work by the Russian crew to repair the boat sufficiently to allow it to continue. David Sandeman was later listed in the Guinness Book of Records as being the youngest person to single-handedly sail the Atlantic between Jersey, UK, and Rhode Island.

The race was organised into three classes: Jester (J): up to 38 ft (12 m) Gipsy Moth (G): 38 to 65 ft (20 m) and Penduick (P): over 65 ft, unlimited. Monohulls and multihulls were not segregated. It is notable that the second-placed boat overall was a trimaran of the smallest class, and perhaps even more so that third place went to a monohull from the same class.

Two major depressions hit the race and caused a record fifty retirements. Yvon Fauconnier and Jean-Yves Terlain, two of the top favorites, lost their boats due to structural failure and were rescued by the same Soviet cargo ship. Tony Bullimore was rescued by a passing ship after his boat caught fire. The race also suffered two fatalities, the first in its history. Englishman Mike Flanagan, [17] brother of renowned sculptor Barry Flanagan, [18] was lost overboard from Galloping Gael. A particularly sad story was that of Mike McMullen, whose wife Lizzie was electrocuted and killed while helping him to prepare Three Cheers for the race, just two days before the start. Believing that Lizzie would have wanted him to go on, he started the race, but was never seen again.

Colas in Club Mediterranée was plagued by halyard problems although 330 miles (531 km) in the lead, he was forced to pull into Halifax, Nova Scotia to make repairs, and was penalised 10% of his elapsed time (58 hours) for accepting help, which dropped him from second to fifth place. The race went to Éric Tabarly, whose surprise win on the 73-foot (22 m) Pen Duick VI (his radio had broken down and no one knew of his whereabouts until he crossed the finish line) was his second it was also the last win for a monohull. [4] [19]

Clare Francis in Robertson's Golly (Ohlson 38) finished 13th and broke the women's single-handed transatlantic record by three days.

The top finishers (including the top three of each class):

Pos. Skipper Boat Name Class Boat Type Time
Class P
1 Éric Tabarly (FRA ) Pen Duick VI P Mono-73 23 days 20 hours 12 min
2 Tom Grossman (USA ) CAP 33 P Tri-53 26 days 08 hours 15 min
3 Alain Colas (FRA ) CLUB MEDITERRANEE P Mono-236 Correct 26 days 13 hours 36 min
Elapsed 24 days 03 hours 36 min
ABN Jean Yves Terlain (FRA ) KRITER III P Cat-70 -- ABN --
RET Yvon Fauconnier (FRA ) ITT OCEANIC P Mono-128 -- RET --
RET Michael Kane (USA ) SPIRIT OF AMERICA P Tri-62 -- RET --
RET Joel Charpentier (FRA ) WILD ROCKET P Mono-63 -- RET --
Class G
1 Jean Claude Parisis (FRA ) PETROUCHKA G Mono-47 27 days 00 hours 55 min
2 Jaques Timsit (FRA ) ARAUNA IV G Mono-38 27 days 15 hours 32 min
3 Francis Stokes (USA ) MOONSHINE G Mono-40 28 days 12 hours 46 min
4 Carlo Bianchi (ITA ) VENILIA G Mono-54 29 days 00 hours 15 min
5 John de Trafford (GBR ) QUEST G Tri-54 30 days 07 hours 30 min
6 Patrice Duma (FRA ) SIRTEC G Mono-39 31 days 23 hours 09 min
7 Guy Hornett (GBR ) OLD MOORE'S ALMANAC G Tri-42 32 days 02 hours 06 min
8 Bill Howell (AUS ) TAHITI BILL G Cat-43 32 days 05 hours 19 min
9 Ernesto Raab (ITA ) CARINA G Mono-41 33 days 01 hours 22 min
10 E. Everett-Smith (USA ) WIND QUEST G Mono-40 34 days 08 hours 44 min
11 Edoardo Austoni (ITA ) CHICO BOBA G Mono-41 37 days 06 hours 00 min
12 Jock McCleod (GBR ) RON GLAS G Mono-47 38 days 17 hours 40 min
13 Juan Guiu (ESP ) CRISAN G Mono-38 39 days 08 hours 15 min
14 Peter Crowther (GBR ) GALWAY BLAZER G Mono-42 39 days 12 hours 57 min
15 Zbigniew Puchalski (POL ) MIRANDA G Mono-38 42 days 13 hours 14 min
16 Michel Bourgeois (FRA ) DRAGON G Mono-37.5 45 days 12 hours 45 min
17 Gerard Dijkstra (NED ) BESTEVAER G Mono-54 49 days 07 hours 22 min
18 Eilco Kasemier (NED ) BYLGIA G Mono-40 49 days 10 hours 34 min
MOB Mike McMullen (GBR ) THREE CHEERS G Tri-46 Sailor Lost at Sea
ABN Tony Bullimore (GBR ) TORIA G Tri-42 Abandoned boat due to fire
ABN Pierre Fehlman (FRA ) GAULOISE G Mono-57 Abandoned boat as sank
ABN P. Szekely (FRA ) NYARLATHOTEP G Mono-42 -- ABN --
RET Kees Roemers (NED ) BOLLEMAAT G Mono 45 -- RET --
RET R.J. Ogle (GBR ) JADE G Mono-51 -- RET --
RET Jock Brazier (GBR ) FLYING ANGEL G Mono-63 -- RET --
RET Edoardo Guzzetti (ITA ) NAMAR V G Mono-45 -- RET --
RET Paolo Sciarretta (ITA ) VALITALIA G Mono-42 -- RET --
RET Gerard Frigout (FRA ) PEN AR BED G Mono-40 -- RET --
RET Doi Malingri di Bagnolo (ITA ) CS & RB II G Mono-60 -- RET --
RET Jean Claud Montesinos (FRA ) KEEP CAP D'AGDE G Mono-53 -- RET --
RET Mike Best (GBR ) CRODA WAY G Tri-35 -- RET --
RET C.H. Le Moing (FRA ) PRONUPTIA G Mono-43 -- RET --
RET Alain Marcel (FRA ) DRAKKAR III G Mono-39 -- RET --
RET Oscar Debra (BEL ) VANESSA G Mono-43 -- RET --
RET C.S.W. Ward (GBR ) ALTERGO G Tri-39 -- RET --
Class J
1 Mike Birch (CAN ) THE THIRD TURTLE J Tri-32 24 days 20 hours 39 min
2 Kazimierz Jaworski (POL ) SPANIEL J Mono-38 24 days 23 hours 40 min
3 David Palmer (GBR ) FT J Tri-35 27 days 07 hours 45 min
4 Walter Greene (USA ) FRIENDS J Tri-30 27 days 10 hours 37 min
5 Alain Gabbay (FRA ) OBJECTIF SUD 3 J Mono-38 28 days 09 hours 58 min
6 Clare Francis (GBR ) ROBERTSON'S GOLLY J Mono-37.5 29 days 04 hours 22 min
7 Gustav Versluys (BEL ) TYFOON V J Mono-34.5 29 days 21 hours 12 min
8= Yves Anrys (BEL ) PAWN OF NIEUPORT J Mono-30 30 days 15 hours 34 min
8= Eugene Riguidel (FRA ) NOVA J Tri-33 30 days 15 hours 34 min
10 Gilles Vaton (FRA ) ACKEL FRANCE J Mono-38 31 days 03 hours 12 min
11 Daniel Pierre (FRA ) LORCA J Mono-29.5 31 days 14 hours 45 min
12 Geoff Hales (GBR ) WILD RIVAL J Mono-34 32 days 13 hours 48 min
13 Bernard Pallard (FRA ) PETIT BRETON J Mono-33.5 32 days 19 hours 57 min
14 Folkmar Graf (GER ) DADZTOY II J Mono-38 32 days 20 hours 55 min
15 Rome Ryott (GBR ) ADHARA J Mono-33.5 33 days 02 hours 54 min
16 Pierre Riboulet (FRA ) PIERRE J Mono-38 33 days 03 hours 39 min
17 Gerd Bucking (GER ) HELENE III J Mono-35 33 days 08 hours 41 min
18 Richard Clifford (GBR ) SHAMAAL II J Mono-25.5 33 days 12 hours 51 min
19 Burg Vennemans (NED ) PYTHEAS J Mono-38 34 days 10 hours 10 min
20 Nicholas Clifton (GBR ) AZULOA J Tri-32 35 days 03 hours 35 min
21 John Mansell (NZL ) INNOVATOR OF MANA J Mono-28 35 days 12 hours 25 min
22 Philip Howells (GBR ) FROMSTOCK FILIUS J Mono-28 35 days 16 hours 07 min
23 D. H. Clark (GBR ) FREEMERLE J Mono-32 35 days 22 hours 50 min
24 Georgi Georgiev (BUL ) KOR KAROLI J Mono-30 36 days 01 hours 50 min
25 Yves Olivaux (FRA ) PATRIARCHE J Mono-33.5 36 days 05 hours 14 min
26 Ian Radford (GBR ) JABULISIWE J Mono-28 38 days 08 hours 44 min
27 Lars Wallgren (SWE ) SWEDLADY J Mono-27.5 36 days 11 hours 10 min
28 Ida Castiglioni (ITA ) EVA J Mono-34.5 37 days 10 hours 20 min
29 Elie Labourgade (FRA ) EVALOA J Mono-34 37 days 10 hours 24 min
30 Klaus Schrodt (GER ) LILLIAM J Mono-29.5 37 days 21 hours 25 min
31 Rory Nugent (USA ) EDITH J Tri-31 39 days 04 hours 30 min
32 Chris Butler (GBR ) ACHILLES NEUF J Mono-30 39 days 06 hours 02 min
33 Richard Konkolski (CZE ) NIKE J Mono 22.5 39 days 10 hours 49 min
34 James Young (GBR ) ENGLISH ROSE J Mono 30 39 days 11 hours 29 min
35 David White (USA ) CATAPHA J Mono-32 39 days 17 hours 15 min
36 H.G. Mitchell (GBR ) TULOA J Mono-33 41 days 11 hours 59 min
37 Enrique Vidal Paz (ESP ) CASTENUELA J Mono-34 42 days 10 hours 10 min
38 David Pyle (GBR ) WESTWARD J Mono-30 42 days 10 hours 11 min
39 Wolfgang Wanders (GER ) AMITIE J Mono-35 42 days 17 hours 30 min
40 Henk Jukkema (NED ) HESPERIA J Mono-29.5 42 days 21 hours 18 min
41 Max Bourgeois (FRA ) ACHILLE J Mono-33 43 days 08 hours 41 min
42 Corrado di Majo (ITA ) TIKKA III J Mono-37 44 days 00 hours 37 min
43 David Sutcliffe (GBR ) LADY ANNE OF ST DONATS J Mono-25.5 44 days 03 hours 47 min
44 Angelo Preden (ITA ) CAIPIRINHA J Mono-30 44 days 04 hours 45 min
45 Stuart Woods (IRL ) GOLDEN HARP J Mono-30 44 days 19 hours 14 min
46 Martin Wills (GBR ) CASPER J Mono-31 44 days 21 hours 05 min
47 Richard Elliott (GBR ) LAURIC J Mono-34 45 days 02 hours 29 min
48 Henry Pottle (GBR ) JANINA J Mono-25 45 days 03 hours 12 min
49 David Cowper (GBR ) AIREDALE J Mono-29.5 46 days 11 hours 17 min
50 Nigel Lang (GBR ) GALADRIEL OF LOTHLORIEN J Mono-25.5 48 days 03 hours 10 min
51 Rodney Kendall (NZL ) SONGEUR J Mono-24 49 days 05 hours 40 min
52 Bob Lengyel (USA ) PRODIGAL J Mono-25 49 days 19 hours 30 min
MOB Mike Flanagan (USA ) GALLOPING GAEL J Mono-38 Sailor and Boat Lost at Sea
OUT Rod White (GBR ) BLUFF J Mono-26 -- OUT --
OUT Peter Evans (GBR ) MEINWEN J Mono-32 -- OUT --
OUT Jean Ropert (FRA ) BIGOUDEN BRISE J Mono-27.5 -- OUT --
OUT Dr F. Sloan (GBR ) BALLYCLAIRE J Mono-33.5 -- OUT --
OUT Anthony Lush (USA ) ONE HAND CLAPPING J Mono-28 -- OUT --
ABN Dominique Berthier (FRA ) 5100 J Mono-37 -- ABN --
RET Heiko Krieger (GER ) TINIE II J Mono-36 -- RET --
RET Hans Schulte (GER ) SILKE J Mono-25 -- RET --
RET Mike Richey (GBR ) JESTER J Mono-26 -- RET --
RET Val Howells (GBR ) UNIBRAS BRYTHON J Mono-38 -- RET --
RET Ambrogio Fogar (ITA ) SPIRIT OF SURPRISE J Cat-25 -- RET --
RET Andre de Jong (NED ) AQUARIUS J Mono-28 -- RET --
RET John Christian (GBR ) ET SOEKI J Mono-27 -- RET --
RET Christian le Merrer (FRA ) ACTEIA II J Mono-39 -- RET --
RET Pierre Yves Charbonnier (FRA ) KARATE J Mono-33 -- RET --
RET Chris Smith (GBR ) TUMULT J Mono-23 -- RET --
RET Marc Linksy (FRA ) OBJECTIF SUD I J Mono-38 -- RET --
RET Angus Primrose (GBR ) DEMON DEMO J Mono-33 -- RET --
RET Patrick O'Donovan (IRL ) SILMARIL J Tri-31 -- RET --
RET Guy Cornou (FRA ) KERVILOR J Mono-34 -- ABN --
RET Paolo Mascheroni (ITA ) PANDA 31 J Mono-32 -- RET --
RET Mike Richardson (GBR ) ARCTIC SKUA J Mono-31 -- RET --
RET Andrew Bray (GBR ) GILLYGALOO J Mono-32 -- RET --
RET Colin Drummond (GBR ) SLEUTH HOUND J Mono-32 -- RET --
RET Aline Marchard (FRA ) LOGO J Mono-38 -- RET --
RET Guy Brunet (FRA ) IRONIGUY J Mono-32 -- RET --
RET Jonathan Virden (GBR ) SHARAVOGE J Mono-25 -- RET --
RET Simon Hunter (GBR ) KYLIE J Mono-26 -- RET --
ABN Yann Nedellec (FRA ) OBJECTIF SUD 2 J Mono-38 -- ABN --
RET Brian Start (CAN ) TRUE NORTH J Mono-36 -- RET --

The 1/OSTAR, 1980 Edit

The 1980 race introduced a length limit of 56 feet overall, to curb the excesses of previous races. The class sizes were adjusted downwards: Jester (J): up to 32 ft (10 m) Gipsy Moth (G): 32 to 44 ft (13 m) Penduick (P): 44 to 56 ft (17 m). The new restrictions were unpopular with some sailors, particularly the French, many of whom opted to sail instead in the new Route du Rhum race.

The race was once again dominated by multihulls, with the top five places all taken by trimarans, and marked the end of even competition between monos and multis. Éric Tabarly was to compete, aboard the hydrofoil trimaran Paul Ricard, but was unable to enter due to injury. The race continued its history of innovation with the first use of the Argos satellite-based tracking system this system allows boats to be tracked during the race, and can also be used to signal distress. The use of this system has now become a major feature of many ocean races, such as the Vendée Globe. The cost of the system was covered by introducing a new race sponsor, the radio station Europe 1, in conjunction with the Observer.

The winner was American Phil Weld, in only his second OSTAR, whose trimaran Moxie was custom built to the 56-foot (17 m) limit he set a new course record of 18 days. Many were impressed by this popular sailor's win at the age of 65. The preponderance of larger boats, and particularly multihulls, left the smaller Jesters seriously outclassed the highest-placed was Free Newspapers, sailed by John Chaundy, who finished in 29th place, with a time of 28 days., [4] [20] [21] RWYC OSTAR Race Results - 1980

Dame Naomi James, who became the first lady to circumnavigate the globe single-handedly in 1977/78 was reunited with the Express Crusader (fitted out and renamed Kriter Lady) for the race. She was the first woman back and broke the women's speed record. Her husband Rob James also competed in that race, finishing twelfth in the trimaran Boatfile.

Pos. Skipper Boat !Class Time Ref.
Class
1 Philip Weld (USA ) Moxie P Tri-51 17 days 23 hours 12 min
2 Nick Keig (GBR ) THREE LEGS OF MANN III P Tri-53 18 days 06 hours 04 min
3 Mike Birch (CAN ) OLYMPUS PHOTO P Tri-46 18 days 07 hours 15 min
4 Kazimierz Jaworski (POL ) SPANIEL II P Mono-56 19 days 13 hours 25 min
5 Edoardo Austoni (ITA ) CHICA BOBA P Mono-56 20 days 02 hours 30 min
6 Tom Grossman (USA ) KRITER VII P Tri-56 21 days 08 hours 01 min
7 Olivier de Kersauson (FRA ) KRITER VI P Mono-54 21 days 20 hours 30 min
8 Pierre Sicouri (ITA ) GUIA FILA P Mono-44 22 days 02 hours 34 min
9 Bertie Reed (RSA ) VOORTREKKER P Mono-49 23 days 12 hours 42 min
10 Eugene Riguidel (FRA ) V.S.D. P Tri-52 24 days 01 hours 27 min
11 Jean Pierre Millet (FRA ) OPEN SPACE P Mono-52 25 days 01 hours 05 min
12 Victor Sagi (ESP ) GARUDA P Mono-48 25 days 08 hours 23 min
13 Naomi James (GBR ) KRITER LADY P Mono-53 25 days 19 hours 12 min
14 Beppe Panada (ITA ) MULAT P Mono-56 42 days 18 hours 20 min
15 Burg Veenemans (NED ) PYTHEAS II P Mono-47 49 days 08 hours 16 min
RET Eric Loizeau (FRA ) GAULOISE IV P Mono-53 -- RET --
RET J.C. Parisis (FRA ) CHARLES HEIDSIECK II P Mono-48 -- RET --
RET Michel Horeau (FRA ) MAURICE LIDCHI P Tri-51 -- RET --
RET Warren Luhrs (USA ) TUESDAY'S CHILD P Mono-54 -- RET --
RET Czeslaw Gogol-kiewicz (POL ) RACZYNSKI II P Mono-56 -- RET --
Class
1 Philip Steggall (USA ) JEANS FOSTER G Tri-38 18 days 06 hours 45 min
2 Walter Greene (USA ) CHAUSSETTES OLYMPIA G Tri-35 18 days 17 hours 29 min
3 Daniel Gilard (FRA ) BRITTANY FERRIES I G Mono-44 21 days 00 hours 09 min
4 Richard Konkolski (CZE ) NIKE II G Mono 44 21 days 06 hours 21 min
5 Wolfgang Wanders (GER ) STADT KREFELD G Mono-44 21 days 14 hours 22 min
6 Gustaf Versluys (BEL ) TYPHOON VI G Mono-44 21 days 15 hours 01 min
7 Alain Labbe (FRA ) HYDOFOLIE G Tri-42 21 days 15 hours 51 min
8 Robert James (GBR ) BOATFILE G Tri-31 22 days 22 hours 55 min
9 Dennis Gliksman (FRA ) FRANCE LOISIRS G Mono-44 23 days 10 hours 00 min
10 Philippe Fournier (FRA ) HAUTE-NENDAZ G Mono-36.5 24 days 03 hours 05 min
11 Francis Stokes (USA ) MOONSHINE G Mono-40 25 days 14 hours 07 min
12 Bill Homewood (USA ) THE THIRD TURTLE G Tri-32 25 days 20 hours 13 min
13 Robert Bocinsky (USA ) AMBERGRIS G Mono-37 26 days 00 hours 39 min
14 Jean-Jaques Jaouen (FRA ) LES MENUIRES G Mono-44 26 days 15 hours 21 min
15 Jerzy Rakowicz (POL ) SPANIEL G Mono-38 26 days 19 hours 29 min
16 William Doelger (USA ) EDITH G Tri-31 28 days 04 hours 10 min
17 Uno Hylen (SWE ) YOLDIA G Mono-37 28 days 05 hours 48 min
18 Desmond Hampton (GBR ) WILD RIVAL G Mono-34 28 days 13 hours 44 min
19 John Charnley (GBR ) ATLANTIC HARP G Mono-43 29 days 06 hours 21 min
20 John Oswald (GBR ) MOONSHADOW BASILDON G Mono-37.5 30 days 15 hours 30 min
21 Oscar Debra (BEL ) CRUMPY NUT G Mono-43 30 days 16 hours 32 min
22 Richard Clifford (GBR ) WARRIOR SHAMAAL G Mono 35 30 days 16 hours 45 min
23 Kees Roemers (NED ) BOLLEMAAT IV G Mono-44 30 days 21 hours 24 min
24 Angus Primrose (GBR ) DEMON OF HAMBLE G Mono-33 30 days 23 hours 08 min
25 Roger Forkert (FRA ) (USA ) PARISIEN LIBERE G Tri 38 31 days 10 45 min
26 Guy Bernadin (FRA ) RATSO II G Mono-38 31 days 11 hours 45 min
27 Don Clark (GBR ) ABACUS G Mono-41.5 32 days 07 hours 17 min
18 Thomas Gochberg (USA ) MISTRAL G Mono-41.5 32 days 18 hours 35 min
29 Nikolay Djambazov (BUL ) TANGRA G Mono-36 34 days 10 hours 53 min
30 Wijtze van der Zee (NED ) BLACK PEARL G Mono-41 35 days 11 hours 20 min
31 Jose Ugarte (ESP ) NORTH WIND G Mono-39 36 days 06 hours 43 min
32 Paul Rodgers (GBR ) CHRISTIAN SAUL G Tri-34 37 days 03 hours 11 min
33 Juin Guiu (ESP ) CRISAN G Mono-38 38 days 14 hours 33 min
34 J. R. Verwoerd (NED ) SEAGULL II G Mono-33 38 days 17 hours 00 min
35 Tom Ryan (USA ) PEGGY G Tri-31 40 days 20 hours 16 min
36 Ernest Sonne (USA ) ELBE G Mono-36 41 days 10 hours 45 min
37 John Beharrell (GBR ) MISCIN G Mono-38 42 days 10 hours 00 min
OUT Anthony Vassiliadis (GRE ) OLD NAVY LIGHTS G Mono-34.5 -- OUT --
RET Piet ter Laag (NED ) LADY DONA G Mono-34 -- RET --
ABN Jacques Timsit (FRA ) MOTOROLA G Mono-38 -- ABN --
OUT Hans Schulte (GER ) SILKE G Mono-38 -- OUT --
ABN Nicholas Clifton (GBR ) FLEURY MICHON G Proa-42 -- ABN --
ABN Theo Cockerell (GBR ) ROUNDABOUT G Mono-36.5 -- ABN --
ABN Peter Philips (GBR ) LIVERY DOLE G Tri-35 -- ABN --
RET Mac Smith (USA ) SEA QUEST G Mono 39 -- RET --
ABN Antonio Chioatto (ITA ) MATTIA III G Tri-36 -- ABN --
RET Judith Lawson (USA ) SERTA PERFECT SLEEPER G Mono-32 -- RET --
Class
1 John Chaundy (GBR ) FREE NEWSPAPERS J Mono-32 28 days 00 hours 56 min
2 lan Radford (GBR ) JABULISIWE J Mono-28 30 days 14 hours 38 min
3 Henk Jukkema (NED ) VICTORIA J Mono-31 30 days 18 hours 02 min
4 Chris Smith (GBR ) SADLER BLUEJACKET J Mono-25 30 days 19 hours 20 min
5 Chris Butler (GBR ) ACHILLEA J Mono-28 30 days 20 hours 49 min
6 James Kyle (USA ) DREAM WEAVER J Mono-27 31 days 23 hours 05 min
7 Alain Veyron (FRA ) CAT MARINE J Tri-28 32 days 02 hours 50 min
8 Luis Tonizzo (USA ) EGRET J Mono-27 33 days 05 hours 25 min
9 Henk van de Weg (NED ) TJISJE J Mono-29.5 36 days 22 hours 22 min
10 Wolfgang Quix (GER ) JEANTEX J Mono-31 38 days 03 hours 02 min
11 Giampaola Venturin (ITA ) CECCO J Mono-26 38 days 08 hours 55 min
12 Bob Lush (CAN ) OLYMPUS SAILING J Mono-25 39 days 01 hours 46 min
13 Tony Lush (USA ) ONE HAND CLAPPING J Mono-32 39 days 06 hours 56 min
14 Andre de Jong (NED ) LA PELIGROSA J Mono-30.5 39 days 16 hours 55 min
15 Bon Lengyel (USA ) PRODIGAL J Mono-25 40 days 06 hours 09 min
16 John Hunt (USA ) CRYSTAL CATFISH J Mono-31 41 days 13 hours 18 min
17 Per Mustelin (FIN ) MARE J Mono-30 43 days 03 hours 34 min
18 William Wallace (USA ) NOVIA J Mono-30 44 days 10 hours 42 min
19 Martin Wills (GBR ) CASPER J Mono-31 46 days 13 hours 52 min
DSQ Jerry Cartwright (USA ) LE FIRST J Mono-32 26 days 22 hours 55 min (DSQ)
ABN Michael Richey (GBR ) JESTER J Mono-26 -- OUT --
RET Simon Hunter (GBR ) JOMADA J Mono-30 -- RET --
RET Bernard Pallard (FRA ) BRITTANY FERRIES II J Mono-29.5 -- RET --

Canadian skippers Mike Birch and Bob Lush were the subject of a National Film Board of Canada documentary Singlehanders, released in 1982. [22]

The 1/OSTAR, 1984 Edit

The 1984 race saw the pace of technical innovation continue to accelerate. Custom-built trimarans were again the main force, but the monohulls also advanced, with the introduction of water ballast and other innovations. Some controversy over the size limitations in the previous race resulted in slightly larger classes, and the removal of restrictions on bow and stern overhangs yachts were divided into five classes, but still with no distinction between monohulls and multihulls. Europe 1 continued to support the race, and Argos beacons were again used by all boats.

The first day of the race saw several dismastings in strong gales, and several skippers were awarded time for rescuing other racers. This resulted in an upset at the finish — Philippe Poupon, sailing the 56-foot (17 m) trimaran Fleury Michon VI, arrived first with a time of 16 days 12 hours, and went to bed thinking that he had won. But the race was awarded to Yvon Fauconnier, who finished 10 hours later but was given a 16-hour time allowance for rendering assistance to Philippe Jeantot, whose catamaran Credit Agricole had capsized. The winner among the monohulls was Warren Luhrs, in his 60-footer Thursday's Child. [4] [23]

Pos. Skipper Boat Class Type Time Ref.
Class 1
1 Yvon Fauconnier (FRA ) Umupro Jardin V I Tri-53 Corrected 16 days 06 hours 25 min
Elapsed 16 days 22 hours 25 min
2 Philippe Poupon (FRA ) Fleury Michon I Tri-56 16 days 12 hours 25 min
3 Marc Pajot (FRA ) Elf Aquitaine II I Cat-59 16 days 12 hours 48 min
4 Éric Tabarly (FRA ) Paul Ricard I Tri-60 16 days 14 hours 21 min
5 Peter Philips (GBR ) Travacrest Seaway I Tri-60 16 days 17 hours 23 min
6 Daniel Gilard (FRA ) Nantes I Tri-60 16 days 17 hours 51 min
7 Bruno Peyron (FRA ) L'Aiglon I Cat-60 16 days 20 hours 21 min
8 Francois Boucher (FRA ) Ker Cadelac I Tri-50 16 days 21 hours 48 min
9 Warren Luhrs (USA ) Thursday's Child I Mono-60 16 days 22 hours 27 min
10 Vincent Levy (FRA ) KERMARINE I Tri-50 17 days 04 hours 28 min
11 John Martin (RSA ) MAINSTAY VOORTREKKER I Mono-60 17 days 22 hours 02 min
12 Denis Gliksman (FRA ) LESSIVE ST MARC I Tri-50 17 days 22 hours 17 min
13 Edoardo Austoni (ITA ) CHICA BOBA III I Tri-60 19 days 10 hours 41 min
14 Jack Boye (USA ) CARTERET SAVINGS I Tri-54 21 days 01 hours 50 min
15 Alain Petit-Etienne (FRA ) REGION DE PICARDIE I Mono-60 21 days 08 hours 47 min
16 David White (USA ) GLADIATOR I Mono-55 28 days 04 hours 38 min
RET Florence Arthaud (FRA ) Biotherm II I Tri-60 Damaged
RET Geoff Houlgrave (GBR ) Colt Cars GB I Tri-60 Dismasted
RET Gilles Gahinet (FRA ) 33 Export I Cat-60 Damaged
RET Hugh McCoy (GBR ) Fury I Cat-60 Damaged
RET June Clarke BATCHELORS SWEET PEA I Tri Pitchpoled 6hrs after start rescued by lifeboat
RET Loïck Peyron (FRA ) Lada Poch I Cat-54 Dismasted
RET Michel Horeau (FRA ) Marchés de France I Tri-50 Damaged
RET Philippe Jeantot (FRA ) Crédit Agricole I Cat-60 Capsized
RET Patrick Morvan (FRA ) Jet Services I Cat-60 Damaged
Class 2
1 Olivier Moussy (FRA ) Region Centre II Tri-45 16 days 19 hours 16 min
2 Didier Munduteguy (FRA ) COTE BASQUE II Tri 45 18 days 13 hours 34 min
3 Yves Le Cornec (FRA ) IDENEK II Tri 42 18 days 13 49 min
4 Walter Greene (USA ) SEBAGO II Mono-45 19 days 10 38 min
5 Patrice Carpentier (FRA ) CENET II Cat-45 21 days 06 hours 02 min
6 Guy Bernadin (FRA ) BISCUITS LU II Mono-44 21 days 18 hours 35 min
7 Jose Ugarte (ESP ) ORION IRU II Mono-45 22 days 15 hours 53 min
8 Simon van Hagen (NED ) BETELGEUZE II Mono-42 25 days 05 hours 50 min
9 Colin Laird (TRI ) LA BALEINE II Mono-44 25 days 15 hours 29 min
10 Jerry Freeman (GBR ) ABACUS II Mono-42 27 days 11 hours 11 min
11 Mac Smith (USA ) QUAILO II Mono-44 29 days 23 hours 10 min
12 Goos Terschegget (NED ) DE VOLHARDING II Mono-41 41 days 20 hours 20 min
RET Eric Loizeau (FRA ) Roger & Gallet II Tri-45 Damaged
RET Frank Wood (GBR ) Marsden II Tri-45 Dismasted
RET Gustav Versluys (BEL ) Tyfoon VI II Mono-44 Damaged
RET Monique Brand (FRA ) Alliance Kaypro II Mono-44 Dismasted
Class 3
1 Jack Petith (USA ) DESTINATION St CROIX III Tri 38 18 days 12 hours 31 hours 1 min
2 Philippe Fournier (SUI ) GESPAC III Cat 40 19 days 07 hours 50 min
3 Tony Bullimore (GBR ) CITY OF BIRMINGHAM III Mono-40 19 days 22 hours 35 min
4 Kai Granholm (FIN ) PATRICIA OF FINLAND III Mono-40 21 days 13 hours 04 min
5 Ian Radford (GBR ) NTOMBIFUTI III Mono-40 22 days 16 hours 13 min
6 Qlivier Dardel (FRA ) ALCATEL III Cat-37.5 24 days 13 hours 10 min
7 John Shaw (GBR ) MS PATTY III Mono-40 24 days 14 hours 53 min
8 Wijtze van de Zee (NED ) ROYAL LEERDAM III Mono-40 24 days 18 hours 05 min
9 Tom Donnelly (USA ) LONE EAGLE III Mono-36 26 06 46 min
10 Alan Wynne Thomas (GBR ) JEMIMA NICHOLAS III Mono-40 26 18 21 min
11 Alan Perkes (GBR ) SHERPA BILL III Mono-36 27 11 50 min
12 Hans van Hest (NED ) OLLE P2 III Mono-38.5 30 04 10 min
13 Spencer Langford (USA ) SUMMER SALT III Mono-38 30 12 43 min
14 Robert Scott (USA ) LANDS END III Mono-39.5 31 23 10 min
RET Bob Menzies (AUS ) Dancing Dolphin Mono-37 III Damaged
RET June Clarke (GBR ) Batchelors Sweet Pea Tri-40 III Capsized
Class 4
1 Luis Tonizzo (USA ) CITY OF SLIDEL IV Mono-35 20 days 23 hours 40 min
2 Bill omewood (USA ) BRITISH AIRWAYS II IV Mono-31 21 days 05 hours 34 min
3 Tony Lush (USA ) SURVIVAL TECH GROUP IV Mono-35 22 days 02 hours 39 min
4 Jim Bates (USA ) BIG SHOT IV Cat-35 22 days 18 hours 09 min
5 Alain Veyron (FRA ) VINGT SUR VANNES IV Mono-35 23 days 13 hours 44 min
6 Bruno Fehrenbach (FRA ) DOUCHE CHAMPION IV Mono-35 25 days 03 hours 53 min
7 Henk Jukkema (NED ) LDS SAILER IV Mono-33 25 days 09 hours 12 min
8 Brian O'Donoghue (GBR ) GAMBLE GOLD IV Mono-33 29 days 15 hours 55 min
9 Bertus Buys (NED ) SEA-BERYL IV Mono-35 32 days 10 hours 09 min
10 John Howie (USA ) FREE BIRD IV Mono-31.5 35 days 04 hours 33 min
11 Dick Hughes (NED ) GLADYS IV Mono-34 39 days 06 hours 56 min
12 Timothy Hubbard (USA ) JOHAN LLOYDE IV Mono-32 41 days 04 hours 30 min
13 Jack Coffey (IRL ) MEG OF MUGLINS IV Mono-35 41 days 16 hours 30 min
14 John Hunt (USA ) CRYSTAL CATFISH IV Mono-31.5 44 days 14 hours 22 min
RET Andrede Jong (NED ) La Peligrosa Mono-31 IV Damaged
RET Bob Lengyel (USA ) Prodigal Mono-34 IV Damaged
RET Jacques Vuylsteker (FRA ) Jeremi V Mono-35 IV Damaged
RET John Mansell (NZL ) Double Brown Cat-35 IV Damaged
RET Karl Peterzen (SWE ) Karpetz Mono-31.5 IV Damaged
RET Rachel Hayward (GBR ) Loiwing Mono-35 IV Aground
Class 5
1 Chris Butler (GBR ) SWANSEA BAY V Mono-27 30 14 48
2 Michael Petrovsky (GBR ) TIMPANI V Mono-30 30 23 58
3 David Ryan (USA ) PHAGAWI V Mono-29 31 07 48
4 Albert Fournier (USA ) EL TORERO V Mono-30 31 08 25
5 Jan van Donselaar (NED ) SHAMROCK V Mono-30 32 15 20
6 Alan Armstrong (GBR ) MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC V Mono-29.5 32 20 45
7 Lloyd Hircock (CAN ) MOUSTACHE V Mono-29.5 35 15 57
8 Vassil Kurtev (BUL ) NORD V Mono-25 40 16 38
RET Bill Wallace (USA ) Novia Mono-30 V Dismasted
RET Chris Smith (GBR ) Race Against Poverty Mono-30 V Damaged
RET Douglas Parker (USA ) Refugee Mono-27 V Retired
RET David Duncombe (GBR ) Go Kart M 29 V Damaged
RET Geoff Hales (GBR ) Quest for Charity C 29 V Damaged
RET Henk van de Weg (NED ) Tjisje Mono-29.5 V Damaged
RET Michael Richey (GBR ) Jester Mono-26 V Damaged
RET Thomas Veyron (FRA ) Rizla + Tri-30 V Dismasted

The CSTAR, 1988 Edit

With Carlsberg taking over as main sponsor, the Carlsberg Single-handed Trans-Atlantic Race of 1988 saw 95 entrants, with custom-built multihulls again dominating. Favourable weather made ideal conditions for a fast pace, and indeed Philippe Poupon's winning time set a new race record of 10 days, 9 hours and 10 minutes. One of the main hazards of the race was damage by whales Mike Birch's Fujicolor was damaged by a whale, forcing him to retire from the race and David Sellings was forced to abandon Hyccup after she was sunk by an aggressive pod of whales. Mike Richey's original Jester, which had taken part in every edition of the race, was lost in heavy weather in the tail-end of the fleet. [4] [6] [24]

The top eleven finishers were all Class 1 multihulls. The top five were:

Pos. Skipper Boat Name Class Time Ref.
1 Philippe Poupon (FRA ) Fleury Michon Tri-60(I) 10 days 09 hours 15 min
2 Olivier Moussy (FRA ) Laiterie Mt St Michel Tri-60(I) 11 days 04 hours 17 min
3 Loïck Peyron (FRA ) Lada Poch II Tri-60(I) 11 days 09 hours 02 min
4 Philip Steggall (USA ) Sebago Tri-60(I) 11 days 09 hours 55 min
5 Bruno Peyron (FRA ) VSD Cat-60 12 days 23 hours 20 min
6 Halvard Mabire (FRA ) Gérard Hénon Trimaran 60 13 days 06 h 51 min
7 Florence Arthaud (FRA ) Groupe Pierre 1er Trimaran 60 13 days 10 h 58 min
8 Jean Maurel (FRA ) Elf Aquitaine III Trimaran 60 14 j 10 h 02 min
9 Tony Bullimor (GBR ) Spirit of Apricot Trimaran 60 14 days 20 h 40 min 32 h 06 min
10 Pierre Sicouri (ITA ) La nuova Sardegna Trimaran 60 15 days 17 h 34 min
11 Pascal Hérold (FRA ) Dupon Duran Trimaran 60 16 days 12 h 39 min
12 Nic Bailey (USA ) MTC Trimaran 40 16 days 17 h 03 min

The fastest monohull, UAP 1992, finished 13th. The top five monohulls:

Pos. Skipper Boat Class Time
1 Jean Yves Terlain (FRA ) UAP 1992 Mono-60(I) 17 days 04 hours 05 min
2 John Martin (RSA ) Allied Bank Mono-60(I) 17 days 08 hours 18 min
3 Jose Ugarte (ESP ) Castrol Solo Mono-60(I) 17 days 21 hours 47 min
4 Titouan Lamazou (FRA ) Ecureuil d'Aquitaine Mono-60(I) 18 days 07 hours 00 min
5 Courtney Hazelton (USA ) Mariko Mono-45(III) 21 days 05 hours 44 min

The Europe 1 STAR, 1992 Edit

The Europe 1 Star of 1992 saw the fleet beset by a full range of hazards — storms, icebergs, trawlers, fog and whales hit boats on the northern route, before they were finally becalmed off Newfoundland. The monohulls managed the heavy conditions and crosswinds quite well, but the multis were plagued with capsizes and damage. Yves Parlier was the top monohull skipper in a new Open 60, setting a monohull record time of 14 days 16 hours. [4] [25]

The top ten finishers included two monohulls:

Pos. Skipper Boat Name Class Time Ref.
1 Loïck Peyron (FRA ) Fujicolor ORMA 60 11 days 01 hours 35 min
2 Paul vatine (FRA ) Haute-Normandie ORMA 60 12 days 07 hours 49 min
3 Francis Joyon (FRA ) Banque Populaire ORMA 60 12 days 09 hours 14 min
4 Hervé Laurent (FRA ) Took Took ORMA 60 13 days 04 hours 01 min
5 Laurent Bourgnon (SUI ) Primagaz ORMA 60 13 days 07 hours 40 min
6 Yves Parlier (FRA ) Cacolac d'Aquitaine IMOCA 60 14 days 16 hours 01 min
7 Etienne Giroire Up My Sleeve 40ft Tri 16 days 06 hours 45 min
8 Mark Gatehouse (GBR ) Queen Anne's Battery IMOCA 60 16 days 11 hours 30 min
9 Hervé Cléris (FRA ) C L M 50ft Tri 16 days 12 hours 17 min
10 Pascal Hérold (FRA ) Dupon Duran 50ft Tri 16 days 20 hours 16 min
11 Alan Wynne-Thomas (GBR ) Cardiff Discovery IMOCA 60 17 days 06 h 17 min
12 Bertrand de Broc (FRA ) Groupe LG IMOCA 60 17 days 07 hours 17 min
13 Nigel Burgess (GBR ) Dogwatch II IMOCA 60 17 days 15 hours 59 min
14 Richard Tolkien (GBR ) Enif Morgan Grenfell IMOCA 60 17 days 16 hours 40 min
19 José de Ugarte (ESP ) Euzkadi Europa 93 IMOCA 60 18 days 07 hours 19 min
23 Vittorio Malingri (ITA ) Moana 60 IMOCA 60 20 days 10 hours 10 min

The Europe 1 STAR, 1996 Edit

Loïck Peyron, on the same trimaran Fujicolor II, for the 1996 edition of the race and he led at the start, passing the Eddystone lighthouse at 28 knots (52 km/h). However, Francis Joyon dominated the race, and 600 miles (970 km) from the finish seemed set to win, at which point he was 24 hours ahead of his nearest rival but his trimaran Banque Populaire was capsized by a gust off Nova Scotia, leaving the race to Peyron.

Peyron's time of 10 days, 10 hours and 5 minutes, was just 50 minutes short of the course record. Peyron was the first person to win two successive editions of the race, and only the second to win twice. Gerry Roufs won the monohull division, sailing the 60-foot (18 m) Groupe LG2. Italian Giovanni Soldini won the 50-foot (15 m) monohull class, in Telecom Italia. [4] [6] [26]

Only three multihulls overcame the conditions to make the top ten finishers:

Overall Results [27] [28]
Pos. Skipper Class Type Boat Name Time Ref.
Class I
1 Loïck Peyron (FRA ) I ORMA 60 Fujicolor II 10 days 10 hours 05 min
2 Paul Vatine (FRA ) I ORMA 60 Region Haute Normandie 10 days 13 hours 05 min
3 Mike Birch (CAN ) I ORMA 60 Biscuits la Trinitaine 14 days 12 hours 55 min
4 Gerry Roufs (CAN ) I IMOCA 60 Groupe LG 2 15 days 14 hours 50 min
5 Josh Hall (GBR ) I IMOCA 60 Gartmore Investments 16 days 15 hours 56 min
6 Vittorio Malingri (ITA ) I IMOCA 60 Anicaflash 16 days 19 hours 24 min
7 Hervé Laurent (FRA ) I IMOCA 60 Groupe LG1 17 days 00 hours 55 min
8 Eric Dumont (FRA ) I IMOCA 60 Café Legal le Gout 17 days 01 hours 11 min
9 Catherine Chabaud (FRA ) I IMOCA 60 Whirlpool-Vital-Europe 2 17 days 06 hours 43 min
10 Alan Wynne Thomas (GBR ) I IMOCA 60 Elan Sifo 18 days 18 hours 14 min
11 Dirk Gunst (BEL ) I Mono-57 Tomidi 19 days 19 hours 45 min
RET Laurent Bourgnon (FRA ) I ORMA 60 Primagaz Capsized
RET Francis Joyon (FRA ) I ORMA 60 Banque Populaire Capsized
RET Yves Parlier (FRA ) I IMOCA 60 Aquitaine Innovations Dismasted
Class II
1 Giovanni Soldini (ITA ) II IMOCA 50 Telecom Italia 15 days 18 hours 29 min
2 Pete Goss (FRA ) II IMOCA 50 Aqua Quorum 17 days 08 hours 08 min
3 Hervé Cléris (FRA ) II 50ft Tri CLM 17 days 10 hours 10 min
4 Niah Vaughan (GBR ) II Mono-50 Jimroda II 19 days 22 hours 57 min
5 Wolfgang Quix (GER ) II Mono-50 Wolfie's Toy 20 days 01 hours 45 min
6 Michel André (FRA ) II Mono-46 Dix de Lyon 24 days 03 hours 47 min
7 Alain Pelletier (FRA ) II Mono-48 Oiseau de la Pluie 30 days 09 hours 22 min
Class III
1 Alan Brutger (GBR ) III Mono-45 Mountain Sky Magic 19 days 14 hours 22 min
2 Simone Bianchetti (ITA ) III Mono-45 Merit Cup 20 days 21 hours 35 min
3 Phil Rubright (FRA ) III Mono-44 Shamwari 22 days 13 hours 17 min
4 Renaud le Youdec (FRA ) III Mono-40 Kiss me Quick 27 days 08 hours 00 min
ABN Peter Crowther (GBR ) III Mono-42 Galway Blazer Sank
RET George Stricker (USA ) III Mono-45 Rapscallion Retired
Class IV
1 Trevor Leek (FRA ) IV 40ft Tri Mollymawk 17 days 09 hours 44 min
2 Jacques Bouchacourt (FRA ) IV Mono-40 New Yorker 20 days 00 hours 23 min
3 Desmond Hampton (GBR ) IV Mono-40 Roc 22 days 00 hours 30 min
4 Neal Petersen (RSA ) IV Mono-40 Protect our Sealife 25 days 09 hours 33 min
5 Graham Harrison (GBR ) IV Mono-38 Cyclone 25 days 19 hours 45 min
6 David Evans (USA ) IV Mono-40 Ratso 30 days 00 hours 52 min
7 Bertus Buys (NED ) IV Mono-40 Sea Beryl 30 days 04 hours 42 min
8 Carole Newman (GBR ) IV Mono-39 Independent Freedom 32 days 02 hours 50 min
9 Alex Eckhardt (NED ) IV Mono-36 Taurus 38 days 16 hours 31 min
RET Michael Dunkerly (GBR ) IV Mono-40 Mother Goose Retired
RET Michel Jaheny (FRA ) IV Mono-40 Chivas 3 Retired
RET Jens Als Andersen (DEN ) IV Mono-40 Fenris Damaged
RET Karl Brinkmann (GER ) IV Mono-40 Fritzzz Retired
Class V
1 Mary Falk (GBR ) V Mono-35 QII 19 days 22 hours 57 min
RET Brian Coad (IRL ) V Mono-34 Raasay of Melfort Retired
RET Daniel Verger (FRA ) V Ol'Goud Dismasted
RET Franco Malingri (ITA ) V Tri-33 Star Trek Retired
RET Johannes van de Wijgerd (NED ) V Mono-31 Off Course Retired
Class VI
1 Michel Kleinjans (BEL ) VI Mono-30 P M Charles 20 days 14 hours 58 min
2 David Scully (USA ) VI Mono-30 Hot Glue Gun 21 days 12 hours 07 min
3 Fabrizio Tellarini (ITA ) VI Mono-30 Megaptera 21 days 23 hours 20 min
4 Franco Manzoli (ITA ) VI Mono-30 Golfo Tigullio 22 days 01 hours 30 min
5 Bob Beggs (GBR ) VI Cat-26 Clarks Active Air 24 days 15 hours 05 min
6 Ronny Nollet (BEL ) VI Mono-29.5 Luneborg 25 days 10 hours 05 min
7 Jacques Crochemore (FRA ) VI Mono-28 Senseï 27 days 21 hours 59 min
8 Derek Hatfield (CAN ) VI Mono-30 Gizmo 28 days 11 hours 20 min
9 Datcho Datchev (GBR ) VI Mono-30 Chance 43 days 13 hours 00 min
10 Mike Richey (GBR ) VI Mono-25 Jester 56 days 10 hours 54 min
RET Gianfranco Tortolani (ITA ) VI Mono-30 Città di Salerno Retired
RET Herbert Uphues (GER ) VI Mono-29 Tramp VI Retired
RET Sherman Wright (USA ) VI Mono-27 Andromeda Retired

The Europe 1 New Man STAR, 2000 Edit

With sponsorship from Europe 1 and New Man, a French sportswear manufacturer, the fortieth anniversary edition of the OSTAR was run under the title Europe 1 New Man STAR. [29]

A surprising total of 24 Open 60 monohulls entered the race most of these were using the event as a qualifying run for the 2000-2001 Vendée Globe starting later in the year. One of these was the youngest racer in the fleet at age 23, Ellen MacArthur in her new Owen-Clarke designed Open 60 Kingfisher she beat the big names to become the surprise winner of the monohull division, and the youngest ever winner of the race. The overall winner was Francis Joyon, in his trimaran Eure et Loir. [4] [30] [31] [32]

Pos. Skipper Boat Time Ref.
ORMA 60 Multihulls
1 Francis Joyon (FRA ) Eure et Loir 9 days 23 hours 21 min
2 Marc Guillemot (FRA ) Biscuits la Trinitaine 10 days 1 hours 59 min
3 Franck Cammas (FRA ) Groupama 10 days 2 hours 40 min
4 Alain Gautier (FRA ) Foncia 10 days 8 hours 37 min
5 Jean-Luc Nelias (FRA ) Belgacom 10 days 19 hours 35 min
6 Yvan Bourgnon (SUI ) Bayer en France 16 days 6 hours 21 min
7 Lalou Roucayrol (FRA ) Banque Populaire retired - lost a hull
IMOCA 60 Monohulls
1 Ellen MacArthur (GBR ) Kingfisher 14 days 23 hours 01 min
2 Roland Jourdain (FRA ) Sill Beurre le Gall 15 days 13 hours 38 min
3 Mike Golding (GBR ) Team Group 4 15 days 14 hours 50 min
4 Thierry Dubois (FRA ) Solidaires 15 days 15 hours 33 min
5 Giovanni Soldini (ITA ) Fila 16 days 04 hours 10 min
6 Catherine Chabaud (FRA ) Whirlpool 16 days 10 hours 19 min
7 Michel Desjoyeaux (FRA ) PRB 16 days 15 hours 51 min
8 Marc Thiercelin (FRA ) Active Wear 17 days 15 hours 44 min
9 Dominique Wavre (SUI ) Union Bancaire Privee 17 days 17 hours 02 min
10 Joe Seeten (FRA ) Nord Pas de Calais 18 days 02 hours 22 min
11 Xavier Lecoeur (FRA ) GEB 19 days 13 hours 03 min
12 Didier Munduteguy (FRA ) DDP 60me Sud 21 days 07 hours 18 min
13 Patrick Favre (FRA ) Adrenalines 31 days 05 hours 19 min
DNF Yves Parlier (FRA ) Aquitaine Innovations retired - dismasted
DNF Thomas Coville (FRA ) Sodebo Savourons la Vie retired - dismasted
DNF Eric Dumont (FRA ) Services Euroka retired - dismasted
DNF Dirk Gunst (BEL ) Tomidi retired - autopilot failure
DNF Richard Tolkien (GBR ) This Time retired - sail damage
DNF Bruce Burgess (GBR ) Hawaiian Express retired for personal reasons

Faraday Mill OSTAR 2005 Edit

The 2005 event was the first held for smaller boats, again under the name OSTAR, sponsored by Faraday Mill.

35 boats took part with 16 forced to retire. Franco Mozoli won the race in Cotonella, taking 17 days and 21 hours to finish. The 2005 race featured the first single-handed, trans-atlantic crossing by a profoundly deaf person: Gerry Hughes. [33]

Skipper Boat Time
Trimarans
Franco Manzoli Cotonella 17 days 21 hours 41 min
Roger Langevin Branec IV 18 days 06 hours 7 min
Pierre Antoine Spirit 18 days 08 hours 43 min
Leon Bart Houd van Hout 25 days 16 hours 45 min
Aurelia Ditton Shockwave 27 days 09 hours 19 min
Anne Caseneuve Acanthe Ingeniere retired - injured knee
Etienne Giroire Up My Sleeve retired
Ross Hobson Mollymawk retired - broken daggerboard
Monohulls
Steve White Olympian Challenger 20 days 05 hours 24 min
Yves Lepine Atlantix Express 21 days 04 hours 40 min
Nico Budel Hayai 21 days 18 hours 17 min
Philip Rubright Echo Zulu 23 days 22 hours 50 min
Lionel Regnier Trois Mille Sabords 25 days 23 hours 48 min
Mervyn Wheatley Tamarind 26 days 02 hours 48 min
Peter Keig Zeal 27 days 11 hours 31 min
Stephen Gratton Amelie of Dart 30 days 4 hours 32 min
Richard Hatton Chimp 30 days 18 hours 7 min
Huib Swets Vijaya 32 days 5 hours 4 min
Gerry Hughes Quest II 34 days 4 hours 15 min
Paul Heiney Ayesha of St Mawes 35 days 14 hours 19 min
Groot Cees Reality 41 days 16 hours 15 min
Tony Waldeck Adrienne May retired - broken mainsail luff cars
Michel Jaheny Chivas III retired
Patrice Carpentier (FRA ) VM Materiaux retired
Bart Boosman De Franschman retired - broken shroud
Hannah White (GBR ) Spirit of Canada retired - broken autopilot
Peter Crowther Suomi Kudu retired - broken forestay
Michel Kleinjans Roaring Forty retired - bulkhead problems
Pieter Ardiaans Robosail retired - boom, vang problems
Ronny Nollet La Promesse retired - previous back injury
Pierre Chatelin Destination Calais retired - problems with boat
Bertus Buys Sea Beryl retired - mainsail damage
Bram Van De Loosdrecht Octavus retired - dismasted
Jacques Dewez Blue Shadow retired - damaged at start

OSTAR 2009 Edit

The 2009 OSTAR started on 25 May 2009. The skipper's blogs were published on www.blogstar.org.uk

Skipper Boat Elapsed Time
JanKees Lampe LA PROMESSE 17 days 17 hours 40 min
Rob Craigie Jbellino 19 days 00 hours 10 min
Roberto Westerman Spinning Wheel 19 days 03 hours 14 min
Hannah White Pure Solo 20 days 00 hours 22 min
Barry Hurley Dinah 20 days 22 hours 35 min
Luca Zoccoli In Direzione Ostinata e Contraria 20 days 22 hours 39 min
Jerry Freeman QII 21 days 02 hours 49 min
Oscar Mead King of Shaves 21 days 12 hours 24 min
Katie Miller BluQube 21 days 18 hours 53 min
Uwe Rottgering Fanfan! 21 days 22 hours 42 min
Marco Nannini British Beagle 21 days 23 hours 44 min
Huib Swets Vijaya 22 days 03 hours 41 min
Dick Koopmans Jager 22 days 04 hours 35 min
Bard Boosman De Franschman 22 days 21 hours 04 min
Will Sayer Elmarleen 23 days 01 hours 30 min
Pip Hildesley Cazenove Capital 23 days 14 hours 05 min
Christian Chalandre Olbia 24 days 09 hours 06 min
John Falla Banjaard 24 days 20 hours 55 min
Michael Collins Flamingo Lady 27 days 05 hours 31 min
Andrew Petty Jemima Nicholas 28 days 15 hours 57 min
Peter Crowther Suomi Kudu 29 days 02 hours 15 min
Peter Bourke Rubicon 39 days 07 hours 56 min
Geoff Alcorn Wind of Lorne II over time limit
Mervyn Wheatley Tamarin retired
Jacques Bouchacourt Okami retired
Rob Cumming Egotripp retired
Gianfranco Tortolani Città di Salerno retired
Paul Brant Ninjod retired
Jonathan Snodgrass Lexia retired
Anne Caseneuve Croisières Anne Caseneuve retired
Reini Gelder Light For The World retired

OSTAR 2013 Edit

The 2013 OSTAR started on 27 May 2013.

Results [35] [36]
Skipper Boat Time Elapsed Time Corrected
Multihull Class
Roger Langevin Branec VI 18d 05 49 25 19 31
Joanna Pajkowska Cabrio 2 27d 23 53 28 20 02
Gypsy Moth Class
Richard Lett Pathway to Children 22d 06 13 22 22 47
Andrea Mura Vento Di Sardegna 17d 11 12 23d 09 19
Jac Sandberg Spirit 22d 21 10 24d 06 07
Nico Budel sec. Hayai 21d 17 02 27d 00 10
Ralph Villiger Ntombifuti 36d 08 12 37d 12 59
Jester Class
Jonathan Green Jeroboam 23d 07 16 22d 04:25
Charles Emmett British Beagle 28d 01 30 26d 05:03
Krystian Szypka Sunrise 28d 13 30 27d 21:44
Mervyn Wheatley Tamarind 30d 04 59 28d 02:14
Pether Crowther Suomi Kudu 30d 14 13 28 19 38
Eira Class
Geoff Alcorn Wind of Lorne II 58d 08 20 50 00 05

OSTAR 2017 Edit

OSTAR 2021 Edit

After the 2000 event, the RWYC decided to split the race into two separate events. So in 2004 professional edition of the race featured a new title The Transat

The Transat, 2004 Edit

The 2004 professional edition of the race featured a new title — The Transat — and a new finish, at Boston, Massachusetts. 37 boats entered, in four classes: ORMA 50 and 60-foot (18 m) multihulls and IMOCA 50 and 60-foot (18 m) monohulls. Despite stormy conditions, all four classes of boats broke records seven of the Open 60 monohulls broke the previous monohull record. Of the first four IMOCA Open 60's, Ecover, Pindar AlphaGraphics and Skandia (ex Kingfisher) were all designed by the British designers, Owen Clarke Design. This office also designed the first IMOCA 50, Artforms, which broke the 'Class 2' record. Several boats suffered damage, however. [7]

Pos. Skipper Boat Time Ref.
ORMA 60 Multihulls
1 Michel Desjoyeaux (FRA ) Geant 8 days 08 hours 29 min
2 Thomas Coville (FRA ) Sodebo 8 days 10 hours 38 min
3 Franck Cammas (FRA ) Groupama 8 days 14 hours 16 min
4 Alain Gautier (FRA ) Foncia 9 days 07 hours 05 min
5 Karine Fauconnier (FRA ) Sergio Tacchini 9 days 12 hours 36 min
6 Lalou Roucayrol (FRA ) Banque Populaire 9 days 14 hours 05 min
7 Giovanni Soldini (ITA ) TIM Progetto Italia 10 days 06 hours 26 min
8 Philippe Monnet (FRA ) Sopra 10 days 09 hours 28 min
9 Fred Le Peutrec (FRA ) Gitana XI 11 days 09 hours 20 min
10 Steve Ravussin (SUI ) Banque Covefi 12 days 04 hours 27 min
11 Yves Parlier (FRA ) Mediatis Region Aquitaine 13 days 07 hours 11 min
RET Marc Guillemot (FRA ) Gitana X retired - broken centerboard
IMOCA 60 Monohulls
1 Mike Golding (GBR ) Ecover 12 days 15 hours 18 min
2 Dominique Wavre (SUI ) Temenos 12 days 18 hours 22 min
3 Mike Sanderson (NZL ) Pindar Alphagraphics 12 days 20 hours 54 min
4 Nick Moloney (AUS ) Skandia 13 days 09 hours 13 min
5 Conrad Humphreys (GBR ) Hellomoto 13 days 20 hours 24 min
6 Marc Thiercelin (FRA ) Pro-Form 14 days 01 hours 41 min
7 Hervé Laurent (FRA ) UUDS 14 days 03 hours 58 min
8 Sebastien Josse (FRA ) VMI 14 days 10 hours 02 min (corrected)
9 Karen Leibovici (FRA ) Atlantica-Charente Maritime 17 days 17 hours 12 min
10 Norbert Sedlacek (AUT ) Austria One 17 days 18 hours 35 min
11 Charles Hedrich (FRA ) Objectif 3 18 days 04 hours 12 min
12 Anne Liardet (FRA ) Quicksilver 19 days 14 hours 27 min
RET Jean-Pierre Dick (FRA ) Virbac retired - dismasted
RET Vincent Riou (FRA ) PRB dismasted
RET Bernard Stamm (SUI ) Cheminees Poujoulat Armour Lux capsized
ORMA 50 Multihulls
1 Éric Bruneel (FRA ) Trilogic 14 days 01 hours 23 min
2 Rich Wilson (USA ) Great American II 15 days 00 hours 19 min
3 Dominique Demachy (FRA ) Gify 15 days 13 hours 13 min
4 Etienne Hochede (FRA ) PiR2 19 days 13 hours 45 min
RET Franck-Yves Escoffier (FRA ) Crepes Whaou! retired - broke daggerboard
RET Mike Birch (CAN ) Nootka retired - broken autopilot
IMOCA 50 Monohulls
1 Kip Stone (USA ) Artforms 15 days 05 hours 20 min
2 Joe Harris (USA ) Wells Fargo 16 days 14 hours 21 min
3 Jacques Bouchacourt (FRA ) Okami 17 days 23 hours 17 min
DNF Roger Langevin (FRA ) Branec III over time limit

The Artemis Transat, 2008 Edit

The 2008 Transat race was named after its sponsor, Artemis. On Thursday 15 May, Frenchman Michel Desjoyeaux (Foncia) had to retire from the race after a collision with a whale. Sebastien Josse (BT), who was leading, had to retire owing to damage to the mainsail carriage on Saturday 17 May, leaving Vincent Riou (PRB) take the lead on the Sunday morning. Loïck Peyron, on Gitana Eighty, caught up with Vincent Riou, who had to abandon the race due to serious keel damage after a collision with a basking shark on the night of Monday 12 / Tuesday 13 May. The race jury decided to grant two and a half hours of bonus time to Loïck Peyron after he rescued Vincent Riou. Starting on 11 May from Plymouth, Peyron spent 12 days, 11 hours, 15 minutes and 35 seconds (not including the time bonus) to cover the 2,992 miles of the race (averaging 8.7 knots), thus improving previous record of 12 days, 15 hours, 18 minutes and 8 seconds, which was held by Mike Golding (Ecover).


Contents

Founding and early years (1883 to 1959) Edit

Fredrick Hirth and G. A. Krause founded the company in 1883. [2] Hirth and Krause bought a small leather shop in Grand Rapids, Michigan, starting with a capital investment of $2,900. In 1901, they built a plant in Rockford Michigan, just north of Grand Rapids. They purchased and expanded the Rogue River Electric Light and Power Company to power their new plant and the city of Rockford. In 1903, operations began and in 1908, a tannery followed. The company thus processed its own raw materials and manufactured its own shoes sold through the Hirth-Krause Company. In 1921 the company changed its name to Wolverine Shoe and Tanning Corporation. During the period 1916-1923 its earnings increased 700%. [3]

In 1941, during World War II, the Wolverine Shoe and Tanning Company began to work for the U.S. Navy, developing pigskin gloves and inventing what later became known as pigskin suede. [ citation needed ]

Name change and expansion (1960 to 1989) Edit

In 1964, the company changed its name to Wolverine World Wide, Inc. and in 1965 became a publicly traded company listed on the New York Stock Exchange. [3] Hush Puppies, a casual footwear brand founded by the company in 1958, quickly rose to popularity in the 1960s. [3]

Growth and Acquisitions (1990 to 2009) Edit

In 1994, Wolverine World Wide introduced Cat Footwear, a licensed brand of shoes using the Caterpillar Inc. name. [3]

In 1995, the Council of Fashion Designers of America voted Hush Puppies as Fashion Accessory of the Year.

In 1997, the company continued expanding by purchasing the Merrell brand.

In 1998, Wolverine World Wide acquired the global license for footwear from the Harley-Davidson Motor Company.

Wolverine World Wide acquisitions in the 2000s included the 2003 purchase of Sebago and 2009 purchases of Chaco and the UK-based brand Cushe. [4] The company discontinued the Cushe brand in 2015 and sold Sebago to Italian publicly-traded company BasicNet in 2017. [5] [6]

In 2006, Wolverine World Wide entered into a global footwear licensing deal with Patagonia. The company stopped production of Patagonia footwear in 2014. [7]

Present day Edit

Wolverine World Wide nearly doubled in size after its 2012 acquisition of the Performance Lifestyle Group of Collective Brands, which added Saucony, Keds, Stride Rite and Sperry Top-Sider brands to its portfolio. In 2017 the company sold its United States Department of Defense footwear business along with a factory in Big Rapids, Michigan to Tennessee-based footwear manufacturer Original Footwear. [8] In the same year Wolverine World Wide converted Stride Rite to a licensed brand operated by New York City-based Vida Shoes International. [9]

The company is based out of corporate offices in Rockford, Michigan and Waltham, Massachusetts. Wolverine World Wide also operates three distribution centers in the U.S., one in Canada and one in the Netherlands. As of December 29, 2018, Wolverine World Wide operated 80 retail stores in the U.S. and Canada and 42 consumer-direct eCommerce sites. [10] According to the company's 2018 annual report, "substantially all of the units sourced by the Company are procured from numerous third-party manufacturers in the Asia Pacific region. The Company maintains offices in the Asia Pacific region to develop and facilitate sourcing strategies." [10]

Wolverine World Wide operated various PFAS dumpsites throughout Belmont and Rockford that contaminated the drinking water of residents. These sites contaminated the water for hundreds of residents. The chemicals involved have been linked to various negative health effects, including several cancers. [11] In February 2020 Wolverine settled Grand Rapids federal court action by agreeing to pay $69.5 million to provide town-supplied drinking water to affected residents. [12]

In 2019, Wolverine World Wide reorganized into two operating segments: [13]


There is evidence of Native American presence in Maine as early as 11,000 BCE. At the time of European contact in the sixteenth century, Algonquian speaking people inhabited present-day Portland. French explorer Samuel de Champlain identified these people as the "Almouchiquois," a polity stretching from the Androscoggin River to Cape Ann and culturally distinct from their Wampanoag and Abenaki neighbors. According to Captain John Smith in 1614, a semi-autonomous band called the “Aucocisco” inhabited "the bottome of a large deepe Bay, full of many great Iles." This bay would later come to be known as Casco Bay, and include the future site of Portland. [1]

A combination of warfare and disease decimated Native peoples in the years preceding English colonization, creating a "shatter zone" of devastation and political instability in what would become southern Maine. The introduction of European wares in the 1500s disrupted long-standing Native trade relationships in the northeast. Starting around 1607, Micmacs began raiding their southern neighbors from the Gulf of Maine to Massachusetts in an effort to corner the lucrative fur trade and monopolize access to European goods. The arrival of foreign pathogens only served to compound the violence in the region. A particularly notorious pandemic between 1614 and 1620 ravaged the population of coastal New England with mortality rates at upwards of 90 percent. In this chaotic milieu, groups like the Almouchiquois disappear from the historical record, as they were likely displaced or incorporated into other tribes. However, larger Native communities maintained a presence in the Casco Bay area until King George's War in the 1740s. French military defeat and increasing English settler migration to the area from primarily southern New England impelled most Native Americans to migrate toward the protection of New France, or further up the coast where they remain today. [2]

The first European to attempt settlement was Christopher Levett, an English naval captain who was granted 6,000 acres (24 km 2 ) from the King of England in 1623 to found a permanent settlement in Casco Bay. Levett proposed naming it York after York, England, the town of his birth. A member of the Plymouth Council for New England and an agent for Sir Ferdinando Gorges, Lord Proprietor of Maine, he returned to England and wrote a book about his voyage, hoping to generate support for the settlement. [3] But his efforts yielded little interest, and Levett never returned to Maine. He did sail to Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630 to confer with Governor John Winthrop, but died during return passage to England. It's unknown what became of the men he left behind at Machigonne. Fort Levett, built in 1894 on Cushing Island in Portland Harbor, is named for him. [4] [5]

The next (and first permanent) settlement came in 1633 when George Cleeve and Richard Tucker established a fishing and trading village. The town was then renamed Casco. In 1658, the Massachusetts Bay Colony took control of the area, changing its name again, this time to Falmouth after Falmouth, England, the site of an important Parliamentary victory in the English Civil War. An obelisk monument at the end of Congress Street, where it meets the Eastern Promenade, commemorates the four historical names of Portland. [6] [7]

Raid on Portland (1676) Edit

In 1676, the village was completely destroyed by the Abenaki people during King Philip's War. When English colonists returned in 1678, they erected Fort Loyal on India Street to ward off future attacks.

Battle of Portland (1690) Edit

The village was again destroyed in 1690 during King William's War by a combined force of 400-500 French and Indians in the Battle of Fort Loyal. Portland's peninsula was deserted for more than ten years after the attack. Massachusetts built another fort to the north of the Presumpscot River in present-day Falmouth called Fort New Casco in 1698. Fort New Casco was successfully defended during the Northeast Coast Campaign (1703) of Queen Anne's War. The Fort Loyal fort at the base of India Street was used throughout King George's War and then repaired during the French and Indian War in 1755. [8]

American Revolution Edit

On October 18, 1775, the community was destroyed yet again, bombarded for 9 hours during the Revolutionary War by the Royal Navy's HMS Canceaux under command of Lieutenant Henry Mowat. [9] The Burning of Falmouth left three-quarters of the town in ashes -- and its citizens committed to independence. When rebuilt, the community's center shifted from India Street to where the Old Port district is today. [10] [11]

Following the war, a section of Falmouth called The Neck developed as a commercial port and began to grow rapidly as a shipping center. In 1786, the citizens of Falmouth formed a separate town in Falmouth Neck and named it Portland. Portland's economy was greatly stressed by the Embargo Act of 1807 (prohibition of trade with the British), which ended in 1809, and the War of 1812, which ended in 1815. In 1820, Maine became a state and Portland was selected as its capital. The Abyssinian Meeting House, the 3rd Meeting House founded by Free African Americans, was founded in 1828 on Newbury Street in the East End. In 1832, the capital was moved to Augusta. [12]

In 1851, Maine led the nation by passing the first state law to prohibit the sale of alcohol except for "medicinal, mechanical or manufacturing purposes." The law subsequently became known as the Maine law as 18 states quickly followed Maine. Portland was a center for protests against the law, and the protests culminated on June 2, 1855 in the Portland Rum Riot. Between 1,000 and 3,000 people opposed to the law gathered because Neal S. Dow, the mayor of Portland and a Maine Temperance Society leader, had authorized a shipment of $1,600 of "medicinal and mechanical alcohol." The protesters believed, falsely, that this shipment was for private use. When the protesters failed to disperse, Dow ordered the militia to fire. One man was killed and seven were wounded. Following the outcome of the Portland Rum Riot, the Maine law was repealed in 1856. [13]

The Cumberland and Oxford Canal extended waterborne commerce from Portland harbor to Sebago Lake and Long Lake in 1832. Portland became the primary ice-free winter seaport for Canadian exports upon completion of the Grand Trunk Railway to Montreal in 1853. The city's major passenger rail terminal, Union Station, was opened in 1888. In the 19th century, The Portland Company manufactured more than 600 steam locomotives. Portland became a 20th-century rail hub as five additional rail lines merged into Portland Terminal Company in 1911. Canadian export traffic was diverted from Portland to Halifax, Nova Scotia following nationalization of the Grand Trunk system in 1923 and 20th-century icebreakers later enabled ships to reach Montreal throughout the winter. [14]

Portland's period of greatest cosmopolitan prominence was in the first four decades of the nineteenth century, when the city was "a rival, and not a satellite of either Boston or New York." [15] In that period, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow got his start as a young poet and John Neal held a central position in leading American literature toward its great renaissance, [16] [17] having founded Maine's first literary periodical, The Yankee, in 1828. [18] Other notable literary or artistic figures who got their start or were at their prime in that period include Grenville Mellen, Nathaniel Parker Willis, Seba Smith, Elizabeth Oakes Smith, Benjamin Paul Akers, Charles Codman, Franklin Simmons, John Rollin Tilton, and Harrison Bird Brown.

The Great Fire of July 4, 1866, ignited during the Independence Day celebration, destroyed most of the commercial buildings in the city, half the churches and hundreds of homes. More than 10,000 people were left homeless. After this fire, Portland was rebuilt with brick and took on a Victorian appearance. Prosperous citizens began building mansions in the city's fashionable West End. [19]

The quality and style of architecture in Portland is in large part due to the succession of well-known 19th-century architects who worked in the city. Alexander Parris (1780–1852) arrived about 1800 and endowed Portland with numerous Federal style buildings, although some were lost in the 1866 fire. Charles A. Alexander (1822–1882) designed numerous Victorian mansions. Henry Rowe (1810–1870) specialized in Gothic cottages. George M. Harding (1827–1910) designed many of the commercial buildings in Portland's Old Port, as well as ornate residential buildings. Around the turn of the century, Frederick A. Tompson (1857–1919) also designed many of city's residential buildings. [20]

But by far the most influential and prolific architects of the West End area were Francis H. Fassett (1823–1908) and John Calvin Stevens (1855–1940). Fassett was commissioned to build the Maine General Hospital Building (now a wing of the Maine Medical Center) and the Williston West Church as well as many other churches, schools, commercial buildings, apartment buildings, private residences, and his own duplex home on Pine Street. From the early 1880s to the 1930s Stevens worked in a wide range of styles from the Queen Anne and Romanesque popular at the beginning of his career, to the Mission Revival Style of the 1920s, but the architect is best known for his pioneering efforts in the Shingle and Colonial Revival styles, examples of which abound in this area.

In 1895–1896, electric streetcars replaced horse-drawn carriages as the primary method of transportation into and around Portland. A week-long strike disrupted transportion beginning on July 12, 1916 and lasted until July 17. The laborers, with widespread community support, won union recognition and other improvements. [21]

Casco Bay became destroyer base Sail when the United States Navy began escorting HX, SC, and ON convoys of the Battle of the Atlantic. Destroyer tender USS Denebola (AD-12) provided repair services at Portland from 12 September 1941 until 5 July 1944. [22] Convoy escorts as large as battleships used the large protected anchorage adjacent to good railway facilities for delivery of supplies. Sailors on shore leave enjoyed Portland's recreational opportunities, and the waters offshore were suitable for gunnery practice. Construction of facilities began in the summer of 1941, [23] and ultimately included a Fleet Post Office, Naval Dispensary, Navy routing office, Navy Relief Society office, registered publications issuing office, Port Director, Portland harbor entrance control post, Maritime Commission depot, and headquarters for the Portland sections of the naval local defense force and inshore patrol. There was a Navy recruiting station, an armed forces induction station, and a naval training center. Radio direction finder and LORAN training was at the fleet signal station and the naval receiving station included schools for destroyer communications officers and signalman, radioman, and quartermaster strikers. Unused piers adjacent to the Grand Trunk Railway yard were converted to training facilities for combat information center (CIC), night visual lookouts, surface and aircraft recognition, search and fire control radar operators, gunnery spotting, anti-aircraft machine guns, and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) attack. Little Chebeague Island was used for a fire fighters school and torpedo control officers were trained near the navy supply pier, naval fuel annex, and Casco Bay Naval Auxiliary Air Facility (NAAF) seaplane base built on Long Island. [24]

The erection of the Maine Mall, an indoor shopping center established in the suburb of South Portland during the 1970s, had a significant effect on Portland's downtown. Department stores and other major franchises, many from Congress Street or Free Street, either moved to the nearby mall or went out of business. This was a mixed blessing for locals, protecting the city's character (chain stores are often uninterested in it now) but led to a number of empty storefronts. Residents had to venture out of town for certain products and services no longer available on the peninsula.

But now the old seaport is attracting residents and investment. Because of the city government's emphasis on preservation, much of the opulent Victorian architecture of Portland's rebuilding has been restored. In 1982, the area was entered on the National Register of Historic Places. In modern lifestyle surveys, it is often cited as one of America's best small cities to live in.

Portland is currently experiencing a building boom, although more controlled and conservative than the 1980s building boom. In recent years, Congress Street has become home to more stores and eateries, spurred on by the expanding Maine College of Art and the conversion of office buildings to high-end condos. Rapid development is occurring in the historically industrial Bayside neighborhood, as well as the emerging harborside Ocean Gateway neighborhood at the base of Munjoy Hill. [25] [26] [27]

Since the mid-1990s, Maine College of Art has been a revitalizing force in the downtown area, bringing in students from around the country, and restoring the historic Porteous building on Congress Street as its main facility.


Cut. CONSISTENCY. AUTHENTICITY.

We know how it is when you finally find something that looks good, fits right and feels good. You want to be able to find it again.

That’s why we can get pretty passionate about the consistency of our products. We offer Bills Khakis in four basic fits, and we maintain the consistency of cut and the quality of materials, year after year.

And that might be the most important thing we learned from that original pair of World War II khakis.


Powering Possibilities

We push the boundaries of what’s possible, soar to new heights and reach for the extraordinary.

UNLEASH YOUR POTENTIAL

We’re proud to be named one of Forbes’ “World’s Best Employers.” At Textron, it starts with our people.

By working together and supporting one another, we make amazing things happen. We push the boundaries of what’s possible, soar to new heights and reach for the extraordinary.

TEXTRON'S COVID-19 RESPONSE

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, Textron has focused on fulfilling our commitments to our customers while swiftly enhancing the safety of our workplaces to protect the health of our employees. We have also worked closely with our business partners and suppliers and provided help and supplies to the communities where we work and live. Discover some of the ways we are rising to meet the challenges of this unprecedented event.


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Sebago II ScTug - History

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The SONGO RIVER QUEEN II is a privately built replica of the famed Mississippi River Paddle Wheelers. The QUEEN is 93 feet long, 23 feet wide, and tips the scales at over 100 tons, enabling it to offer an exceptionally smooth ride for even the most timid of passengers. Built in 1982, the QUEEN is meticulously cleaned and maintained to the highest of standards. She is rated for up to 350 passengers and is handicapped accessible. The QUEEN has two decks including an open upper deck with an attractive red striped canopy for protection from the sun and rain, as well as a fully enclosed lower deck, and there are restrooms on board.

This allows her to easily accommodate large groups of people for weddings, corporate outings, anniversary parties, reunions, bus tours, functions, family reunions, project graduations, proms, and any other outing you might want to book. In season we have boat trips running daily allowing you to see the lakes in a comfortable and affordable fashion whenever you are in the area.

A food court is available on board for your convenience. A cocktail bar serving beer, wine, and liquor also operates on board, therefore, no alcoholic beverages may be carried aboard, per state law. The legal drinking age in Maine is 21 and a photo ID will be required to purchase alcohol.

We accept all major credit cards at the ticket booth (MasterCard, Visa, AMEX, and Discover). All purchases on the boat are cash only. There is an ATM machine on the upper dock by the ticket booth.


Like the yarns used in our rugs, our journey to sustainability is woven into who we are. With thoughtfully sourced materials and a commitment to lower our carbon footprint, our rugs will look beautiful in your home and are good to the Earth.

FLOR partners with Aquafil, who recycles used nylon into beautiful yarns for our area rugs. Aquafil’s regenerated ECONYL® nylon is the same as brand-new nylon but doesn’t utilize new resources.

Our new and improved backing, CQuest™GB, is made of post-consumer carpet tiles, bio-based elements, and pre-consumer recycled materials that are net carbon negative.


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