February 20, 2015 Day 32 of the Seventh Year - History

February 20, 2015 Day 32 of the Seventh Year - History

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President Barack Obama, framed between a computer keyboard and monitor, works at the Resolute Desk in the Oval Office, Feb. 20, 2015

10:30AM THE PRESIDENT delivers remarks as part of the White House Summit on Countering Violent Extremism
U.S. State Department, Washington, DC

11:20AM THE PRESIDENT designates the Browns Canyon National Monument
Oval Office

11:50AM THE PRESIDENT departs the White House
South Lawn

12:05PM THE PRESIDENT departs Joint Base Andrews


12:55PM THE PRESIDENT arrives Chicago, Illinois
Chicago O’Hare International Airport

1:55PM THE PRESIDENT delivers remarks
Gwendolyn Brooks College Preparatory Academy, Chicago, Illinois

6:10PM THE PRESIDENT departs Illinois
Chicago O’Hare International Airport


8:45PM THE PRESIDENT arrives Joint Base Andrews

9:00PM THE PRESIDENT arrives the White House
South Lawn

COVID-19 and Vaccines – Update

Here’s a short talk I gave (4/17/21) about the latest information on COVID-19 and the vaccines, discussing a few common questions and concerns (video clip and PowerPoint slides with references) COVID-19 and Vaccines Update (YouTube Video): COVID-19 and Vaccines (PowerPoint): Downloadable: COVID-19 and the mRNA Vaccines Notes and References for slides: Slide 3&hellip


Since December 1st, 2020, Italy holds the Presidency of the G20, the international forum that brings together the world’s major economies.

In 2021 the international community will need to show courage and ambition in order to overcome the great challenges of today: from recovering from the pandemic to addressing climate change, from supporting innovation to overcoming poverty and inequality.

The Presidency’s agenda rests upon three main pillars: People, Planet, Prosperity. We need to take care of people and of our planet, while ensuring a strong, inclusive and sustainable economic recovery.

The G20 will culminate in the Leaders’ Summit, which will be held in Rome on October 30th and 31st. The Italian Presidency and the European Commission also jointly organized the Global Health Summit, held on the 21st of May, at the highest level, enabling us to respond to the major challenges linked to the health crisis.

For Music Fans, the Summer is All a Stage

For most of us, Memorial Day unofficially marks the start of summer. For music fans, summer starts when music festival season gets under way. And with SXSW happening last month and Coachella launching this month, the 2015 season is well underway. But there’s much more to come, with Lollapalooza, iHeartRadio Music Festival, Warped Tour, CMA Music Festival, Ozzfest, Summerfest, Austin City Limits and Burning Man among this year’s staples. So with such an impressive lineup of festivals each year, who goes to these grand events, and how do they factor into fans’ overall music consumption diets?

According to Nielsen’s Audience Insights Report on Music Festivals, approximately 32 million people attend at least one music festival in the U.S. each year, and nearly half (46%) are aged 18-34, highlighting a huge opportunity for marketers to reach the coveted Millennial demographic. The festival audience is evenly split among men (49%) and women (51%), and festivals are more popular among Hispanics and African-Americans than they are with the general population.

So how dedicated are festival fans? Very. In fact, most are willing to travel great lengths to attend their favorite shows. On average, they travel 903 miles to attend a festival, and sometimes attending just one isn’t enough. A third of festival fans attend more than one festival in a year. They also spend more on music than general population—an average of $207 on live events, digital music and streaming.

2015 Kansas City Royals

2015 Kansas City Royals Official Logo

The 2015 Kansas City Royals played 161 games during the regular season, won 94 games, lost 67 games, and finished in first position. They played their home games at Kauffman Stadium (Park Factors: 104/104) where 2,708,549 fans witnessed their 2015 Royals finish the season with a .584 winning percentage.

2015 Kansas City Royals
Opening Day Starters

No Opening Day Information Available

2015 Kansas City Royals
Most Games by Position

2015 Kansas City Royals

2015 Kansas City Royals
Uniform Numbers

Did you know that a 2015 Kansas City Royals Schedule is available and it includes dates of every game played, scores of every game played, a cumulative record, and many hard to find splits (Monthly Splits, Team vs Team Splits & Score Related Splits)?

The history of the 40-hour workweek

August 20, 1866: A newly formed organization named the National Labor Union asked Congress to pass a law mandating the eight-hour workday. Though their efforts failed, they inspired Americans across the country to support labor reform over the next few decades.

May 1, 1867: The Illinois legislature passed a law mandating an eight-hour workday. Many employers refused to cooperate, and a massive strike erupted in Chicago. That day became known as "May Day."

May 19, 1869: President Ulysses S. Grant issued a proclamation that guaranteed a stable wage and an eight-hour workday — but only for government workers. Grant's decision encouraged private-sector workers to push for the same rights.

1870s and 1880s: While the National Labor Union had dissolved, other organizations including the Knights of Labor and the Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions continued to demand an eight-hour workday. Every year on May Day, strikes and demonstrations were organized to bring awareness to the issue.

May 1, 1886: Labor organizations called for a national strike in support of a shorter workday. More than 300,000 workers turned out across the country. In Chicago, demonstrators fought with police over the next few days. Many on both sides were wounded or killed in an event that's now known as the "Haymarket Affair."

1890: The US government began tracking workers' hours. The average workweek for full-time manufacturing employees was a whopping 100 hours.

1906: The eight-hour workday was instituted at two major firms in the printing industry.

September 3, 1916: Congress passed the Adamson Act, a federal law that established an eight-hour workday for interstate railroad workers. The Supreme Court constitutionalized the act in 1917.

September 25, 1926:Ford Motor Companies adopted a five-day, 40-hour workweek.

June 25, 1938: Congress passed the Fair Labor Standards Act, which limited the workweek to 44 hours.

June 26, 1940: Congress amended the Fair Labor Standards Act, limiting the workweek to 40 hours.

October 24, 1940: The Fair Labor Standards Act went into effect.

Warsaw's Palace of Culture, Stalin's 'gift': a history of cities in 50 buildings, day 32

There has been no more pivotal a building constructed in Poland after 1945 than the Palace of Culture and Science – or to give it its full title: “the Palace of Culture and Science in the name of Joseph Stalin”. And none more divisive and controversial, either.

It’s a skyscraper 231 metres tall, the highest building in Poland, built in a mixture of then-compulsory Socialist realism with elements of Polish historicism. It stands for everything Poland tried to reject after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 and the swift crumbling of the Soviet Union, and better than any other building it epitomises the 44 years of the People’s Polish Republic.

The palace turns 60 this year: it was finished 10 years after the end of the second world war, which both destroyed and transformed Poland. What came after was the greatest challenge in the country’s history – to this day, people can’t decide whether it was a failure, or a success.

Started in 1952, the Palace was a cornerstone of the Warsaw to come, planned together with a majestic Parade Square. During construction it was still surrounded by post-war ruins, with people living in tenements cut in half by bomb craters, survivors of Warsaw’s razing by the Nazis in 1944.

Head architect Lev Rudnev’s plan for the tower was influenced by his previous work on Moscow’s skyscrapers. Photograph: Paul Almasy/Corbis

The Palace’s chief architect, Lev Rudnev, collaborated with a Polish team of architects, but – as a “gift” from Stalin – it was built by 3,500 Soviet workmen, who were housed in a special estate during the time of construction. It may have been Stalinist folly to build such an opulent palace while the rest of the city barely existed but one can also imagine this new building bringing hope and inspiration to a city being transformed, not just physically but socially. Thousands of people poured in from across the devastated country to help rebuild the capital.

Rudnev’s plan for the tower was influenced by his previous work on the most impressive of the Moscow skyscrapers, the Moscow State University, which served as his blueprint. In Warsaw, Rudnev’s grand idea for the palace was an eclectic mix of Russian baroque and gothic details on a steel-framed tower.

To call Socialist realism eclectic is, of course, heresy – officially it was to be “socialist in content, national in form”. But there’s no such thing as purely “national” architecture, and in practice the palace was incredibly eclectic: for research, Rudnev travelled to key Polish heritage sites in Kraków and Zamość to study Polish renaissance architecture, resulting in the spiky “Polish parapets” that decorate the roof of the building.

The palace’s exterior was also extremely elaborate: it is surrounded by dozens of monumental sculptures in the classical style of Michelangelo’s ignudi, including astronomer and mathematician Copernicus, Romantic poet Adam Mickiewicz, pioneering physicist Marie Curie, as well as idealised model workers – the most famous one holding a Ten Commandments-style book inscribed with the names of Marx, Engels and Lenin (Stalin’s name was carefully removed after 1956).

But if you think the exterior is something – well, come inside. The palace shocks equally from the interior, with marble floors and endless staircases and corridors that dazzle with their weighty glass chandeliers and gilded finishings. Like the famous Moscow metro system, this was luxury for the masses.

But what differentiated the palace from its Muscovite cousins was its entirely public use – it was designed to hold several museums, theatres and sports venues. The same congress room with seating for 3,000 guests that for years held the Communist Party’s annual meetings, also hosted legendary gigs by the Rolling Stones and Leonard Cohen.

The entrance hall of the Palace of Culture and Science. Photograph: Jorge Láscar/flickr

The palace was a symbol of how strategically important Poland was to Moscow – and to Stalin. It could even have been built as a veiled apology, however bizarre, for the initial Soviet-backed burden of terror experienced during the installation of the communist system: the rigged elections, detentions and even executions, especially of members of the Home Army. But this past was seldom spoken about until the 1970s and the anti-communist (yet socialist in spirit) people’s Solidarity movement.

In many ways, Poland’s experience of communism could have been much worse. The mid-1950s, when the palace was built, were the nearest thing to prosperity most people in the Socialist republics ever experienced. Poland was a part of the Soviet Bloc but not the Soviet Union, enjoying more freedoms than many other countries behind the Iron Curtain. Particularly after the political “thaw” in 1956, it had the region’s most interesting and relatively free press, avant-garde cinema, art, literature and music, and all this thanks to state support.

Today, the palace is home to concerts, wonderfully quirky museums, the city’s most popular multiplex cinema, and several hip bars and theatres. It also hosts the biggest Polish casino, a sign of the times.

District Crime Data at a Glance

The statistics below reflect the data entered into MPD's records management system (Cobalt) as of 12 am on the date above. The homicide numbers are based on numbers submitted by the Homicide Branch.

*Not including unrest-related burglaries

2020 Year End Crime Data*

Year-end 2020 data accurate as of January 1, 2021.

Offense 2019 2020 Percent Change
Homicide 166 198 19%
Sex Abuse 198 169 -15%
Assault w/ a Dangerous Weapon 1,574 1,628 3%
Robbery 2,241 1,997 -11%
Violent Crime-Total 4,179 3,992 -4%
Burglary* 1,274 1,177 -8%
Motor Vehicle Theft 2,190 3,279 50%
Theft from Auto 10,746 8,282 -23%
Theft (Other) 15,581 10,933 -30%
Arson 8 13 63%
Property Crime-Total 29,799 23,684 -21%
All Crime-Total 33,978 27,676 -19%

*Not including unrest-related burglaries

As part of a recent data quality audit, the Metropolitan Police Department determined that our summary crime statistics were not capturing a small proportion of property crimes since the deployment of our new Records Management System in August 2015. These specific crimes were reported through the Office of Unified Communications&rsquo (OUC) Telephone Reporting Unit (TRU) and crime categories impacted were: Theft Motor Vehicle Theft and Theft from Auto. Please note that this technical issue did not affect the handling of these cases as they were regularly transferred to MPD detectives for investigation and follow-up. The Department has corrected this technical issue, and the summary crime statistics presented here as well as on the public crime mapping website reflect this update.

Recovered Firearms

20-Year Homicide Trend

2020 2019 2018 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009
198 166 160 116 135 162 105 104* 88 108 132 144

*The citywide 2013 homicide statistics include the 12 victims of the Washington Navy Yard shooting incident that occurred on September 16, 2013.

2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001
132 144 186 181 169 196 248 248 262 232

*These statistics reflect crime reports entered or migrated into the MPD Records Management System (Cobalt) as of 12 am of the report date. These numbers are based on DC Code Offense definitions and do NOT reflect Part I crime totals as reported to the FBI&rsquos Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) or National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). The statistics for this report are based on the various tables from the data warehouse as of the current refresh date. This report should be considered &lsquopreliminary&rsquo in nature. The reports are subject to change due to subsequent determinations related to amendments in classification, unfounded cases or changes in offense definitions.

Deacon Bob’s Homilies — Click to Read

I was hoping to find your homily on “Temptation” from the 1st Sunday in Lent here. I hope you will include this in your list of online homilies. It would be worth reviewing each day during Lent. Perhaps by better understanding the three elements of temptation, one might better withstand it. Thank you for the wonderful homily.

I will be posting the audio of the homily as soon as I can get to it. I will post the transcript here also.

Thanks for all you, and your family, do for the parish.

Hi Bob, I hope I can read some of your homilies while I am in Florida for part of the winter. You do such a good job!! Keep me posted, Janice Hoeschler.

I try to post a copy of the homilies in written form, but I always put an audio recording of them on the main page of the blog.

Hope your travels to a warmer climate is peaceful. Thanks for the “street ministry” you so admirably performed recently.

. Your homilies are wonderful. I am working on a homily bank for myself for reference to future homilies. This past weekend I used your homily on the Transfiguration of course I critiqued it to fit myself and parish but it worked for me. I was wondering if you offer other homilies that are not listed..

Thank you for your comment. I try to post all my homilies here on my blog. They are posted the day I give them as the post for the day, and then I try to put the text on the homilies page that you see here.

Thank you for your diaconal ministry to the Church. May I ask which diocese you serve?

I serve in Lafayette Diocese….

hi Deacon Bob! I love your homilies. I wish to seek your permission to make use of them in my homilies as a deacon as well as a priest. They are great and heart touching reflections and they touch on practical issues as well. thank you and keep it up.
I am from Nigeria, Archdiocese of Abuja.

You have my permission to use them as homilies if you are ordained to the diaconate. I hope you not read them but rather use them to inspire yourself to preach more effectively to your parish.

Feel free to tell me more about yourself. Are you a transitional deacon?

When will your homily for the 3rd. Sunday in ordinary time C be out? I preach this Sunday.

I won’t have a homily posted for this weekend. I am not scheduled to preach. Usually, I post a homily once a month.
Blessings, brother.

How the plague spread around the British Isles

Most historians are willing to agree that the Black Death killed between 30-45% of the population between 1348-50.

  • 1317: Great Famine in England
  • May 1337: Declaration of the Hundred Years War by Edward III.
  • June 1348: Black Death arrives at Melcombe Regis (Weymouth)
  • Aug 1348: Black Death hits Bristol
  • Sept 1348: Black Death reaches London
  • Oct 1348: Winchester hit - Edendon's 'Voice in Rama' speech
  • Jan 1349: Parliament prorogued on account of the plague.
  • Jan-Feb 1349: Plague spreads into E. Anglia and the Midlands.
  • April 1349: Plague known in Wales.
  • May 1349: Halesowen hit.
  • 18th June 1349: Ordinance of Labourers.
  • July 1349: Plague definitely hits Ireland.
  • Autumn 1349: Plague reaches Durham. Scots invade northern England and bring back plague with them.
  • Spring 1350: Massive outbreak of plague in Scotland.
  • Sept 1350: First pestilence dies out.
  • 9th Feb 1351: Statute of Labourers.
  • 1361-64: Second Pestilence: 'The Plague of Children'.
  • 1367: Birth of Richard II in Bordeau.
  • 1368-69: Third Pestilence
  • 1371-75: Fourth Pestilence (variously dated 1371 or 1373-5)
  • 1381: The Peasant Revolt

The plague returned in a series of periodic local and national epidemics. The plague only finally stopped at the end of the Seventeenth century.

Watch the video: Dansk Sims 4. Dag 32: KADET BIRGIT! (June 2022).