Raleigh II C-8 - History

Raleigh II C-8 - History

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Raleigh II

(C-8:dp.3,183(n.);1.305'10";b.42', dr.18'(mean),s.19k. cpl. 312; a. 1 6", 10 5", 8 6-pars., 4 1-pars., 4 18" tt.; cl.Cincinnati)

The second Raleigh (C-8) was laid down on 19 December 1889 at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Va.; launched 31 March 1892; sponsored by Mrs. Alfred W. Haywood, and commissioned on 17 April 1894, Capt. Merrili Miller in command.

Remaining in the yard for another 5 months, Raleigh shifted to Hampton Roads in early September, then conducted shakedown in Chesapeake Bay. In January 1895, she completed fitting out at the torpedo station at Neuport, R.I., and on the 25th put to sea to join the North Atlantic Squadron for battle practice in the Caribbean. In June, she put into New York, whence she moved south again for a cruise around the Florida peninsula, and in August, she returned to New York for voyage repairs before resuming operations w ith her squadron. For the next 10 months, she continued operations in the western Atlantic, ranging from New England to the Straits of Florida.

During the summer of 1896, she trained Naval Militiamen from South Carolina and Louisiana, then returned to the east coast and North Atlantic Squadron exercises. From late October to early February 1897, she joined in a neutrality patrol off Florida, and in April, after the completion of an overhaul at Norfolk, participated in ceremonies marking the dedication of Grant's Tomb.

On 6 May, Raleigh steamed east and on 11 June reported for duty on the European Station at Smyrna (now Izmir) on the Aegean Sea. Tn July, she participated in a good-wil1 tour of Morocean ports. In August, she cruised off Italy, then returned to the western Mediterranean. Into December, she operated off the Levant and, toward the end of the month transited the Suez Canal en route to the Asiatie Station. On 18 February 1898, she reached Hong Kong where she joined Dewey's squadron.

On 26 April the U.S. Congress declared war against Spain. On the 27th the squadron got underway for Manila.

At the en] of the month, Raleigh passed E1 Fraile Island and was fired on by an enemy battery. With Concord and Boston she returned the fire, then moved toward Cavite to engage the Spanish fleet.

Steaming in column, the American squadron ran hy the Spanish, firing at close range. Two hours later, five cross runs had been completed, and the Spanish fleet had been destroyed. Shore batteries became the targets. Just before noon

on 1 May Raleigh joined Olympia, Boston, and Petrel in silencing the navy yard and arsenal batteries. On 2 May, she sent officers ashore to demand the surrender of Corregidor and, on the 3d, sent men to disable the batteries there and destroy the munitions. In the late afternoon, shore parties were sent to Palo Caballo for the same purpose. Raleigh then took up picket and patrol duties, capturing the gunboat Callao on the 9th.

In July, Raleigh shifted from Manila Bay to Subie Bay. On the 7th, she shelled Spanish positions on Grande Island until they were surrendered; she then sent garrison troops ashore. On the 10th, she returned to Manila, where she remained until after the Spanish surrendered the eity in mid-August.

On the 25th, Raleigh put to sea, bound for Hong Kong with mail. In early September, she returned to the Philippines where she operated until sailing for Suez, Gibraltar, and the United States on 15 December. On 15 April 1899, she arrived at New York and the next day received honors from other shilJs and from officials of the city.

Ten days after her arrival, Raleigh cleared New York Harbor and turned south. On the 26th, she entered the Delaware River and moved up to Philadelphia, where on the 28th President MeKinley and Seoretary of the Navy Long eame on board to honor the ship and crew for a job wel1 done.

On 2 May, Raleigh got underway again, and, after visiting ports in the Carolinas, put into Portsmouth, N.H., where she was decommissioned on 10 June.

Recommissioned on 5 January 1903, Raleigh was fitted out at New York and in mid-March sailed for Honduras. There she delivered stores to ships cruising off that coast, then headed east. Steaming via Gibraltar and Suez, she rejoined the Asiatie Fleet at Chefoo, China, on 26 August.

For the next 4 years she cruised in Korean, Chinese, Japanese, and Philippine w aters in support of diplomatic missions as wel1 as showing the flag and conducting good-wil1 tours. On 12 August 1907, she departed Yokosuka for San Francisco. Arriving on 6 September, she proceeded to Mare Island to begin inactivation.

Decommissioned on 12 October 1907, Raleigh was recommissioned on 21 February 1911. Initially assigned to the Pacific Reserve Squadron, she remained in San Francisco until December. She then moved north to Bremerton, Wash., and 2 more years of little activity.

On 6 December 1913, she departed Puget Sound. Steaming south, she joined the active fleet and served as a station ship in Mexican ports, primarily Manzanillo Mazatlan, La Paz, and Guaymas, for the next 4 years. buring the time she interrupted her Mexican assignments twice: for duty at Oeos, Guatemala, from 6 to 25 October 1915; and at Corinto ~'ic.lragua, from I April to 26 July 1916.

Undergoing repairs at Mare Island when the United States entered W orld W ar I, Raleigh departed San Francisco in early Mav 1917 and on 5 June joined the Patrol Foree, U.S. Atlantic Flect, at Newport, R.I. Assigned to Cruiser Force, 2d Squadron, she patrolled from Boston to Norfolk until November when she was detached for duty in Brazilian waters.

On 12 December, Raleigh arrived at Rio de Janeiro and until 27 April 1918, she patrolled hetween there and Bahia (Salvador). In May she arrived off West Africa; delivered munitions to the Liberian Government; continued on to Dakar, Freneh West Africa, then, on 18 May, headed west. At the end of the month, she resumed Bahia-Rio patrols.

At the same time, however, German U-boats appeared off the east coast of the United States. Raleigh was ordered home.

Clearing Bahia on 26 June, she joined the American Patrol Detachment at Key West, Fla., on 21 July and began guarding convoys in the Gulf of Mexico, in the Caribbean, and off the east coast of the Carolinas. She remained on that duty until after the end of the war and, into 1919 continued operations out of Key West. On 6 April she entered the Charleston Navy Yard and prepared for inactivation. On 21 April 1919 she was decommissioned for the last time and on 5 August lg21 she was sold for scrapping to Henry A. Hitner's Sons Co., Philadelphia Pa.

(Closed) North Carolina & World War I

Along with becoming the most-visited temporary exhibit in the museum's history, North Carolina & World War I was honored by the North Carolina Museums Council with the group's annual Award of Excellence!

Join the 600,000+ visitors who have experienced what it was like to "step in the boots" of a Tar Heel soldier during World War I!

This free, award-winning exhibit commemorates the centennial of US entry into World War I and focuses on North Carolina’s role in the War to End All Wars on the western front in France and Belgium. Visitors will experience a re-created trench warfare environment to discover what life was like for Tar Heel soldiers, who entered the war in 1917.

The 6,500-square-foot exhibition highlights approximately 500 artifacts, period photography, a trench diorama, historical film footage, educational interactive components, and video re-enactments that feature European and North Carolina soldiers and citizens to relate the stories of ordinary men and women from North Carolina who provided extraordinary service to their country 100 years ago.

Those who see the exhibit will never forget it, it’s that simple. In the museum’s long history, it may be the best exhibit of all. - Editorial Board, The News and Observer

More Resources

For educational and online resources, click here!

Check out this website created by the NC State College of Education, in collaboration with the North Carolina Museum of History, discussing the various ways North Carolina was affected by World War I.

Check out these testimonials by visitors who saw the exhibit.

Ready for the adventure? Add a Fred's Finds into the mix and try to answer these tricky questions!

North Carolina's Military History: Home

Image Credit: History of the 105th Regiment of Engineers divisional engineers of the "Old Hickory" (30th) Division, p. 449. URL:

As one of the original 13 colonies, North Carolina&rsquos military history is deep, rich, and complex&mdashand some of the battles fought in the early days of the colonies and the United States took place on her soil. Small but intense conflicts occurred in the colony's early history, as rival factions, both native and colonial, vied with each other for space and control of the land. North Carolina was one of the last states to join the Confederacy, and it is during this time that the phrase "Tar Heels" gained popularity. You might still hear some old timers quote Walter Clark about the Tar Heels: "First at Bethel. Farthest to the Front at Gettysburg and Chickamauga. Last at Appomattox." Eighty years later, as World War II raged, the first class of African Americans to serve in the US Marine Corps began their training at the segregated Montford Point Base adjacent to Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Today, North Carolina's land, sea, and airspace help to train many of the soldiers and sailors currently on active duty around the world.

Did you know?

Official Military Mottos:

US Marine Corps 2nd Marine Division, based at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina: "Follow me."


As a very old bicycle company, Raleigh managed to construct various models including

  • Urban
  • Road
  • Classic
  • Adventure
  • Mountain
  • Electric
  • Ladies’
  • Kids’

White, Raleigh R., Jr. (1872&ndash1917)

Raleigh R. White, Jr., surgeon, was born on December 10, 1872, the son of Rev. Raleigh and Mrs. White, in Cottonplant, Mississippi, near the site of the present town of Tupelo. His father was a Baptist circuit rider and revival preacher. The family moved to Texas in 1881 and settled on a small farm near Lockhart. Working the farm fell increasingly on the shoulders of young White, the eldest son. After a drought destroyed his first year's cotton crop, he became determined to seek an education. White entered Baylor University and supported himself by working in a livery stable. After graduating, he was accepted at Tulane University College of Medicine, and while working in the Cotton Exchange in New Orleans, he completed his course of study and graduated with an M.D. degree in 1891, before he was twenty-one years old. Immediately after graduation White associated with a Dr. Shaw in Cameron, Texas. He became acquainted with Dr. Arthur Carroll Scott of Temple, Texas, and in 1895 passed a competitive examination offered by Dr. Scott for a position of house surgeon in the new Santa Fe Hospital in Temple. On December 29, 1897, Scott and White became full partners and joint chief surgeons for the Santa Fe Railroad. In 1898 Scott and White and the members of the Kings' Daughters' Circle established the Kings' Daughters' Hospital in Temple. This association lasted for six years, and in 1904 they resigned from Kings' Daughters' and established the Temple Sanitarium. They established a school of nursing at the sanitarium and continued to take care of the Santa Fe workers in addition to their growing private practice. White was a charter member of the Texas Surgical Society and at the founding meeting introduced the resolution condemning fee splitting among physicians. He was a fellow of the American College of Surgeons and a member of the Texas Medical Association. White was a director of the City National Bank, later the First Republic Bank of Temple, and a member of the First United Methodist Church. On May 19, 1903, White married Annie May Campbell they had three children. White died of a heart attack on March 2, 1917, at the age of forty-five. After his death the Temple Sanitarium was renamed Scott and White Memorial Hospital.

Raleigh II C-8 - History

1975 Raleigh Catalog (U.S. market)

Many thanks to A.W. Gonya for the scans of this catalog.

Click photos for larger (approx. 1000 X 700) images.

These images are provided for historical documentation purposes under the U.S. Fair Use law. No challenge of copyright is intended, nor implied.

Front cover

Roy Schuiten - Raleigh Pro Track

Team Professional DL185

Professional Track DL175

Professional Mk.IV


Competition Mk.II

Gran Sport

Super Course Mk.II

Grand Prix



Super Tourer DL140

Sprite 27

Raleigh Superbe

Raleigh Sports

Raleigh LTD + Folder

A Raleigh outing

Record 24 + Colt




Rear cover

Space Rider / Mountie


Raleigh features (rear cover)

Raleigh features (rear cover)

Menu bar code by AT Web Results - MooTools Drop Down Menu
Best viewed with Mozilla Firefox w/"Book Antiqua" & "Century Gothic" fonts installed.

Why Sir Walter Raleigh Was Beheaded

He was a celebrated soldier, a hero on land and sea. He was responsible for the first ever English colonies in the New World. And he wrote poetry that ranks with some of the finest in early modern England. Yet at the age of 54 Sir Walter Raleigh was executed for treason. What caused the downfall of this beloved Renaissance courtier?

For a court favorite, Raleigh actually spent quite a bit of his life locked up in the Tower of London. The first time, in 1592, it was because he𠆝 secretly married his lover, Elizabeth �ss’ Throckmorton, a lady-in-waiting to Elizabeth I. Bess was already pregnant, which explained both the marriage and the secrecy. Enraged by their plotting behind her back, Elizabeth dismissed Bess and imprisoned both of them in the Tower.

Sir Walter Raleigh placing his cloak over a puddle so that Queen Elizabeth I can keep her feet dry.

Bob Thomas/Popperfoto/Getty Images

Much popular history, including the film, Elizabeth: The Golden Age, has tried to explain this punishment by imagining that the queen was in love with Raleigh. However, this is no evidence for this. Rather, Elizabeth’s anger was justified: for young nobles like Bess who were sent to the royal household the monarch became a kind of surrogate parent, expected to supervise their upbringing and encourage lucrative marriages with other influential nobility. For the couple to ignore the queen’s prerogative here was scandalous.

Nevertheless they were soon released and in a few short years Raleigh had regained the queen’s favor. She awarded him a royal charter to explore the ‘New World’ of the Americas and allowed him to organize the first English colonies in Virginia, named flatteringly after the Virgin Queen herself. That these colonial experiments were an unmitigated disaster, resulting in the ‘Lost Colony’ of Roanoke, did not dissuade Raleigh and his backers from believing that fortunes lay in the Americas.

He was convinced that El Dorado, the legendary city of gold, was to be found in northern South America, and made a reconnaissance trip to Guyana in 1595. On his return he wrote a fantastical account of it as a paradise rich for the taking, where gold could be plucked easily from the ground, and where the natives were eager to be ruled over by the English. This ridiculous propaganda would tempt more than one monarch to allow Raleigh to travel there in England’s name.

Sir Walter Raleigh landing on the coast of Virginia. 

While he remained in Elizabeth’s favor until her death, James VI’s of Scotland’s accession to the English throne as James I meant that Raleigh’s fortunes plummeted. This was largely because James was attempting a diplomatic rapprochement with Spain, England’s longstanding enemy, against whom Raleigh had been a formidable foe. England’s funds were depleted by their endless struggles against Spain’s richer, mightier forces, so James decided it was time to end the rivalry.

The real crisis for Raleigh came when he was falsely implicated in a plot to oust the new king. Called the Main Plot, its aim was to replace James with his cousin Lady Arabella Stuart. The allegation was that Henry Brooke, Lord Cobham, was negotiating with a Dutch prince to have the Spanish give him huge sums of money to foment sedition in England. Cobham was to bring the money back via the Channel Island of Jersey, where Raleigh was governor, and together they would use it to overthrow the king.

The claims were ludicrous and based entirely on the word of Cobham, who never testified in front of Raleigh. As for Raleigh, no man in England had made a larger contribution to England’s war with Spain, so the charge that he accepted funds from the Spanish to undermine England’s crown strained credulity.

But James, in his determination to get on Spain’s good side, locked up Raleigh once again in the Tower—this time for 13 years. Although Raleigh had been given a death sentence, his time in the Tower wasn’t quite as bad as it might sound: the aristocracy were imprisoned there because its conditions were much better than in the other prisons of early modern England, where ‘gaol fever’—or typhus—ran rampant. Raleigh lived with Bess there, and she even conceived a son while they were inside.

It was likely Raleigh’s promises of gold that got him released from prison before his sentence could be carried out: in 1617 he was pardoned so that he could once again travel to Guyana in search of El Dorado. But that quest would ultimately prove fatal: during the expedition a detachment of Raleigh’s men (against his orders) attacked a Spanish outpost, an action that directly contravened the conditions of his pardon. 

Upon Raleigh&aposs return, the Spanish ambassador, Count Gondomar, demanded that his death sentence from 1603 be reinstated. James had little choice but to obey. On October 29, 1618, a full 15 years after he had been convicted of treason in a sham trial, the famous explorer wasꂾheaded at Whitechapel in London. 

In the end, it seems Raleigh’s reputation as Spain’s greatest foe was what undid him: the Spanish were eager to see the downfall of one who had won so many victories against them. Unlike all the legends about him— he didn’t introduce tobacco or the potato to England, nor place his cloak over a puddle for the queen—his reputation as a heroic soldier was, for once, justified.  

Raleigh II C-8 - History

HAKLUYT, RICHARD. The Principal Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation. Vol. VIII. Glasgow, Scotland. 1904.

HARlOT, THOMAS. A Briefe and True Report of the New Found Land of Virginia. (A reproduction of the edition printed at Frankfort, in 1590, by Theodore de Bry, edited by W. H. Rylands for the Holbein Society) Manchester, England. 1888.

HARRINGTON, J. C. Archeological Explorations at Fort Raleigh National Historic Site, in North Carolina Historical Review, Vol. XXVI, No. 2, April 1949.

IVE, PAUL. The Practise of Fortification. London, 1589.

ORE, LUIS GERONIMO DE. The Martyrs of Florida, 1513-1616. Translated by Maynard Geiger Franciscan Studios No. 18. New York. 1936.

PORTER, CHARLES W. III. Fort Raleigh National Historic Site, North Carolina, in North Carolina Historical Review. Vol. XX, No. 1. 1943.

QUINN, DAVID B. Raleigh and the British Empire. New York. 1949.

______. The Roanoke Voyages 1584�. (Documents to illustrate the Voyages to North America under the Patent Granted to Sir Walter Raleigh in 1584.) 2 vols. The Hakluyt Society. London, England. 1955.

REDING, KATHERINE. Letter of Gonzalo Mendez de Canzo to Philip II, in Georgia Historical Quarterly. Vol. VIII. 1924.

ROWSE, A. L. Sir Richard Granville of the Revenge. Boston and New York. 1937.

WILLIAMS, TALCOTT. The Surroundings and Site of Raleigh's Colony, in Annual Report of the American Historical Association for 1895. Washington, D. C. 1896.

Anti-aircraft Training at Fort Fisher

Training at the Fort Fisher range began in October 1941. "As of yore, when the most powerful guns of the day were blasting away at Fort Fisher," noted one of the camp's brochures, "the famed Strato-gun of AA is now blasting at targets from the same ground." Almost eight decades earlier, African American troops had served on Federal Point as part of the Union expeditionary force sent to capture Fort Fisher. With the arrival of the 54th Coast Artillery in 1941, black soldiers were once again in the area for military service — along the very sand mounds and beaches that once marked the Confederate stronghold. The 54th — the army's only black 155-millimeter anti-aircraft artillery unit — brought 24 "one-five-fives" to Fort Fisher for their two-month training session. The unit also trained with other weapons, including machine guns.

That December, news of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, shook the nation to its core. On the day following the December 7 catastrophe, with overwhelming support from Congress, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a declaration of war against the Empire of Japan. Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, forcing Roosevelt to end America's official neutrality on the war then raging in Europe.

As the nation prepared for war, Camp Davis bustled with activity, and training at its remote firing ranges escalated. As more emphasis was placed on anti-aircraft artillery training, the barrage balloon school was transferred to a post in Tennessee.

The training schedule was vigorous — six days a week — and the air over coastal North Carolina was loud with military activity. Planes towing target sleeves on long cables roared back and forth above the beaches of Fort Fisher and Camp Davis's other firing ranges, while anti-aircraft gunners below pumped streams of shells at the soaring targets.

Two towing squadrons and a base squadron were stationed at Camp Davis Army Airfield. These aircraft flew thousands of miles each week — both day and night — in missions along the coast. At night the planes gave the searchlight battalions — the "Moonlight Cavalry" — practice in picking up enemy raiders in the darkness. One such battalion attached to Camp Davis was the 225th AAA Searchlight Battalion (Semi-mobile), which trained for a short period at Burgaw (40 miles west of the main base) before departing for duty overseas.

You have searchlight aided night firing, so you could pick out the sleeves, and tracers arch out over the ocean. It was sort of a beautiful sight. In fact, I got married while I was home on furlough. My wife came down and lived at Carolina Beach for several months, just before we were alerted for shipment overseas . . . . Now they could sit down on Carolina Beach and watch the 40s and 50s being shot out over the ocean. It was a really beautiful sight.

— Staff Sgt. Herman Ledger
599th AAA (AW) Battalion, (C Battery)

As training intensified at Fort Fisher, many of Camp Davis's visitors ventured to the sandy post to observe the reservation's primary firing point. The year 1943 proved to be its busiest, and included a visit from a British anti-aircraft battery that arrived to conduct exercises with American gunners.

The nation's war effort was in full swing, and 1943 brought a significant change in the use of its resources. The army needed more pilots, and thanks to the strong-willed efforts of pilot Jacqueline Cochran, it now had a group of talented women to serve in national defense. The Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) arrived at Camp Davis on July 24, 1943 — in their first assignment beyond ferrying duty. On August 1, the WASPs were put to work piloting A-24s and A-25s, and took on the duty of towing targets for Camp Davis's anti-aircraft artillery training. In addition to target duty (both day and night), the women stationed at Davis flew radar deception and tracking missions. The WASPs went on to fly missions from a number of bases across the United States.

By the time the range closed in 1944, at least 43 different anti-aircraft battalions, coast artillery regiments, and engineer, signal corps, ordnance, and air warning units had trained at Fort Fisher.

And we trained . . . I get a kick out of this . . . we trained the 82nd Airborne . . . on their heavy weapons. And heavy weapons to them was 50 caliber machine guns. What a bunch that was! I could write two books about them guys.

— Cpl. Theodore "Ted" Litwin
445th AAA Battalion

100-year-old World War II veteran, exercise enthusiast returns to gym as Raleigh facilities reopen

RALEIGH, N.C. (WTVD) -- A 100-year-old World War II veteran is back in the weight room doing what he loves as Raleigh facilities reopen amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Nat Hines has been a regular at Five Points Center for Active Adults for many years. The facility had to close during the pandemic, so Mr. Hines continued his workouts at his apartment.

Mr. Hines returned to the gym on June 9.

"I missed it, I really missed it," said Hines.

The veteran says the regular workouts have helped him reach a 100th birthday in September.

"Because you know if I don't exercise, you start having little aches and pains here and there," said Hines. "I said I gotta get back to exercising because this is not doing me any good, not exercising. I gotta get where I can exercise."

Mr. Hines also has become friends with the staff and enjoys the social aspect of going to the gym.

Watch the video: C-SPAN Cities Tour - Raleigh: History of the Research Triangle (June 2022).